Mechanisms of long-interval selectivity in midbrain auditory neurons: roles of excitation, inhibition, and plasticity
Edwards, Christofer J., Leary, Christopher J. and Rose, Gary J. (2008) Mechanisms of long-interval selectivity in midbrain auditory neurons: roles of excitation, inhibition, and plasticity. Journal of Neurophysiology, 100, (6), 3407-3416. (doi:10.1152/jn.90921.2008).
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Edwards CJ, Leary CJ, Rose GJ. Mechanisms of long-interval selectivity in midbrain auditory neurons: roles of excitation, inhibition, and plasticity. J Neurophysiol 100: 3407-3416, 2008. First published October 22, 2008; doi: 10.1152/jn.90921.2008. Stereotyped intervals between successive sound pulses characterize the acoustic signals of anurans and other organisms and provide critical information to receivers. One class of midbrain neuron responds selectively when pulses are repeated at slow rates ( long intervals). To examine the mechanisms that underlie long- interval selectivity, we made whole cell recordings, in vivo, from neurons in the anuran inferior colliculus ( anuran IC). In most cases, long- pass interval selectivity appeared to arise from interplay between excitation and inhibition; in similar to 25% of these cases, the delayed inhibition to a pulse overlapped with the excitation to the following pulse at fast pulse repetition rates (PRRs), resulting in a phasic "onset" response. In the remaining cases, inhibition appeared to precede excitation. These neurons did not respond to fast PRRs apparently because delayed excitation to a pulse overlapped with the inhibition to the following pulse. These results suggest that the relative timing of inhibition and excitation govern differences in the response properties of these two cell types. Loading cells with cesium increased their responses to fast AM rates, supporting a role for inhibition in long- interval selectivity. Three cells showed little or no evidence of inhibition and exhibited strong depression of excitation. These findings are discussed in the context of current models for long- pass interval selectivity
|Keywords:||primary visual-cortex, integration, leopard frog, direction selectivity,cortical-neurons, temporal selectivity, system, simple cells, depression, encounter calls, in-vivo|
|Divisions:||University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Medicine > Infection, Inflammation and Repair
|Date Deposited:||02 Feb 2010|
|Last Modified:||01 Jun 2011 00:54|
|Contributors:||Edwards, Christofer J. (Author)
Leary, Christopher J. (Author)
Rose, Gary J. (Author)
|Contact Email Address:||firstname.lastname@example.org|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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