Use of a statistical model of the whole femur in a large scale, multi-model study of femoral neck fracture risk
Bryan, Rebecca, Nair, Prasanth B. and Taylor, Mark (2009) Use of a statistical model of the whole femur in a large scale, multi-model study of femoral neck fracture risk. Journal of Biomechanics, 42, (13), 2171-2176. (doi:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2009.05.038).
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Interpatient variability is often overlooked in orthopaedic computational studies due to the substantial challenges involved in sourcing and generating large numbers of bone models. A statistical model of the whole femur incorporating both geometric and material property variation was developed as a potential solution to this problem. The statistical model was constructed using principal component analysis, applied to 21 individual computer tomography scans. To test the ability of the statistical model to generate realistic, unique, finite element (FE) femur models it was used as a source of 1000 femurs to drive a study on femoral neck fracture risk. The study simulated the impact of an oblique fall to the side, a scenario known to account for a large proportion of hip fractures in the elderly and have a lower fracture load than alternative loading approaches. FE model generation, application of subject specific loading and boundary conditions, FE processing and post processing of the solutions were completed automatically. The generated models were within the bounds of the training data used to create the statistical model with a high mesh quality, able to be used directly by the FE solver without remeshing. The results indicated that 28 of the 1000 femurs were at highest risk of fracture. Closer analysis revealed the percentage of cortical bone in the proximal femur to be a crucial differentiator between the failed and non-failed groups. The likely fracture location was indicated to be intertrochantic. Comparison to previous computational, clinical and experimental work revealed support for these findings.
|Subjects:||T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)|
|Divisions:||University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Engineering Sciences > Bioengineering Sciences
|Date Deposited:||16 Dec 2009|
|Last Modified:||02 Mar 2012 11:33|
|Contributors:||Bryan, Rebecca (Author)
Nair, Prasanth B. (Author)
Taylor, Mark (Author)
|Date:||18 September 2009|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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