Direct numerical simulation of strained three-dimensional wall-bounded flows
Coleman, G.N., Kim, J. and Spalart, P.R. (1996) Direct numerical simulation of strained three-dimensional wall-bounded flows. Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 13, (3), 239-251. (doi:10.1016/S0894-1777(96)00084-2).
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Fully developed two-dimensional channel-flow turbulence is subjected to mean strains that imitate those produced by pressure gradients in three-dimensional boundary layers. This is achieved by applying irrotational temporal deformations to the flow domain in a conventional channel direct-numerical-simulation (DNS) code; straining deformations at an angle with respect to the initial flow direction generate a mean cross flow and thus mean three-dimensionality. The velocity difference carried by the near-wall region is further controlled by mean pressure gradients (or by accelerating the walls in-plane), thus introducing another effect of pressure gradients in boundary layers. “Numerical experiments” allow the effects of the inviscid skewing mechanism, adverse pressure gradient, and inner layer to be isolated; our primary interest here is in the outer layer. We present five simulations. In-plane skewing decreases both the Reynolds shear stress and turbulent kinetic energy, whereas strains characteristic of two-dimensional adverse pressure gradients increase them. In all cases, the structure parameter a1, the ratio of shear stress to energy, is diminished, which implies a reduction in the efficiency of the kinetic energy production by the mean shear.
|Subjects:||T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics|
|Divisions:||University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Engineering Sciences
|Date Deposited:||13 Jan 2010|
|Last Modified:||25 Apr 2013 20:03|
|Contributors:||Coleman, G.N. (Author)
Kim, J. (Author)
Spalart, P.R. (Author)
|Contact Email Address:||email@example.com|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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