Al-Matawah, Jamal Ahmed
An investigation of driver attitudes towards road safety in Kuwait.
University of Southampton, School of Civil Engineering and the Environment,
Statistics show that the fatalities rate per 10,000 vehicles in the State of Kuwait is about
three times that in the UK, and the number of traffic accidents in Kuwait is increasing each year.
In 1992, there were 16,017 traffic accidents, with 279 killed. By 2005, the number of accidents
had increased to 56,235 with 451 fatalities, although the size of the vehicle fleet was only
1,134,042. This thesis presents the findings of a study of a substantial road accident database for
Kuwait and a supplementary questionnaire survey to further understand related driver behaviour.
Police accident reports relating to fatality and injury for the year 2002 were collected from the
General Investigation Administration at the Ministry of the Interior to obtain an overview of the
situation. Human behaviour and driver error were considered to be the main contributory factors,
as has been found elsewhere. A questionnaire survey was undertaken to obtain a more in-depth
understanding of driver behaviour and attitudes towards traffic regulations, which might relate to
road accidents, and the potential acceptability of remedial measures. The questions were
developed to suit the traffic environment and culture in Kuwait, and 1,528 questionnaires were
completed. Analysis has shown that there are significant associations between accident
involvement and other contributory factors. A road accident prediction model was developed,
linking behaviour and attitudes with a number of factors such as age, sex, nationality, education
level, marital status, driver education, driver training, usual speed on motorways, number of
dangerous offences per year, years of driving experience, and drivers’ perceptions of the
effectiveness of enforcement on total accident rate. The Generalised Linear Model (GLM)
approach was used. It was found that driver attitude towards traffic regulations, enforcement, the
number of critical traffic violations, nationality and age were significant contributory factors. The
results will be used to influence future policy towards driving education, training and
enforcement in Kuwait.
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