Silberstein, L., Davies, A., Kelsey, S., Foran, J., Murrell, C., D'Cruz, D., Vinnicombe, S., Norton, A. and Cavenagh, J.
Myositis, polyserositis with a large pericardial effusion and constrictive pericarditis as manifestations of chronic graft-versus-host disease after non-myeloablative peripheral stem cell transplantation and subsequent donor lymphocyte infusion.
Bone Marrow Transplantation, 27, (2), . (doi:10.1038/sj.bmt.1702775).
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The clinical features of chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) following a non-myeloablative peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) transplant may differ from those that occur after a conventional allograft. We describe a man with Hodgkin's disease refractory to chemotherapy and radiotherapy who was transplanted from an HLA-identical brother, who developed cGVHD characterised, in particular, by polymyositis, polyserositis with a large pericardial effusion and constrictive pericarditis, 1 month after donor lymphocyte infusion for relapsed disease. Constrictive pericarditis has not been previously reported after a conventional allograft, and none of these features have been reported after a non-myeloablative transplant. The course of cGVHD necessitated potent immunosuppression leading to the presumed loss of graft-versus-lymphoma (GVL) effect.
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