Catholic women teachers and Scottish education in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries

McDermid, Jane (2009) Catholic women teachers and Scottish education in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. History of Education, 38, (5), 605-620. (doi:10.1080/00467600801961312).


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Catholics remained outside the Scottish educational system until 1918. The Church preferred mixed-sex infant schools and either single-sex schools or separate departments. In small towns and rural areas the schools were mixed-sex. Women were considered naturally best suited to teach infants and girls, but even in boys' schools, female assistants were increasingly employed in the later Victorian period. Female religious orders were crucial for developing Catholic education in larger urban centres, but by 1918 only 4% of Scotland's Catholic schoolteachers were members of religious orders. Lay women quickly became numerically predominant in elementary education and were key to implementing the Church's strategy to enhance the respectability of a largely immigrant community through separate schools. It is the contention here that the part played by lay women in Catholic schooling needs to be considered to reflect more widely on the place of women in Scottish education

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1080/00467600801961312
ISSNs: 0046-760X (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: history; schoolteacher, catholic, scottish
Subjects: L Education > LA History of education
D History General and Old World > DA Great Britain
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Humanities > History
ePrint ID: 73479
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
September 2009Published
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2010
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 13:06

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