Temperature conversion (mesophilic to thermophilic) of municipal sludge digestion


de la Rubia Romero, M.A., Romero, L.I., Sales, D. and Perez, M. (2005) Temperature conversion (mesophilic to thermophilic) of municipal sludge digestion. AIChE Journal, 51, (9), 2581-2586. (doi:10.1002/aic.10546).

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Description/Abstract

A protocol proposed is described here to characterize for the conversion from mesophilic to thermophilic conditions in a pilot-scale anaerobic digester that operates with municipal mixed sludge. Furthermore, the performance of thermophilic operation relative to the previous mesophilic operating status was evaluated.

The performance was evaluated in terms of a number of parameters that included organic removal rate (ORR) (kgVS/m3·d and kgCOD/m3·d), biogas and volumetric methane production rate (m3/m3·d), pH, total acidity (mg acetic acid/L) and acidity/alkalinity relationship. The digester was initially operated with an organic loading rate (OLR) of 1.26 kgVS/m3·d and a solids retention time (SRT) of 27 days under mesophilic conditions (35°C). The solids destruction efficiency was found to be 54.3%, while the volumetric biogas production in the digester reached 0.36 m3/m3·d. The strategy selected for the conversion from mesophilic to thermophilic digestion involved slowly increasing the temperature of the digester (0.38° C/d) until it reached 43°C. In this way, the temperature of the digester was raised from 43 to 45°C and then operated at a constant 45°C.

The performance parameters at this temperature indicated that the digester was unstable. For this reason the OLR was decreased until feeding was suppressed. The reactor operated at 45°C for 32 days, and the temperature of the digester was then raised from 45 to 50°C (without feeding). The temperature was subsequently raised to 50 - 52°C with the system operating at variable SRT (65-52 days), and finally, the temperature was increased at a rate of 0.13°C/d until it reached 55°C. At thermophilic conditions (55°C), the OLR studied was 1.48 kgVS/m3·d (SRT: 27 days), and under these conditions the solids destruction efficiency was 53.3% VS, and the biogas produced in the digester reached 0.32 m3/m3·d. © 2005 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 2005

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 0001-1541 (print)
1547-5905 (electronic)
Keywords: anaerobic digestion, mesophilic, thermophilic, municipal sludge, pilot-scale
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Civil Engineering and the Environment
ePrint ID: 74359
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2010
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 18:53
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/74359

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