Environmental impacts of solid waste landfilling

El-Fadel, Mutasem, Findikakis, Angelos N. and Leckie, James O. (1997) Environmental impacts of solid waste landfilling. Journal of Environmental Management, 50, (1), 1-25. (doi:10.1006/jema.1995.0131).


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Inevitable consequences of the practice of solid waste disposal in landfills are gas and leachate generation due primarily to microbial decomposition, climatic conditions, refuse characteristics and landfilling operations. The migration of gas and leachate away from the landfill boundaries and their release into the surrounding environment present serious environmental concerns at both existing and new facilities. Besides potential health hazards, these concerns include, and are not limited to, fires and explosions, vegetation damage, unpleasant odors, landfill settlement, ground water pollution, air pollution and global warming. This paper presents an overview of gas and leachate formation mechanisms in landfills and their adverse environmental impacts, and describes control methods to eliminate or minimize these impacts.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1006/jema.1995.0131
ISSNs: 0301-4797 (print)
1095-8630 (electronic)
Keywords: landfill, solid waste disposal, biodegradation, gas and leachate generation, environmental impacts, control methods
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Civil Engineering and the Environment
ePrint ID: 74364
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
May 1997Published
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2010
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 13:07
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/74364

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