Water resources in Lebanon: Characterization, water balance, and constraints

El-Fadel, M., Zeinati, M and Jamali, D (2000) Water resources in Lebanon: Characterization, water balance, and constraints. International Journal of Water Resources Development, 16, (4), 615-638. (doi:10.1080/713672540).


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Worldwide water resources are not uniformly distributed and are generally scarce in arid and semiarid zones such as the Middle East. Lebanon, which is located along the Mediterranean shores of the Middle East, remains blessed with relatively more water in comparison with its neighbouring countries. This paper examines increased pressure on Lebanon's water resources requiring the formulation and implementation of a comprehensive management plan to meet future water demands. Water resources are described with the corresponding present and future water balance, environmental stresses, and constraints facing the water sector in Lebanon.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1080/713672540
ISSNs: 1360-0648 (electronic)
0790-0627 (print)
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GF Human ecology. Anthropogeography
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Civil Engineering and the Environment
ePrint ID: 74402
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
December 2000Published
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2010
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 13:07
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/74402

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