A simplified method for determination of kinetic parameters to describe the aerobic biodegradation of two important phenolic constituents of olive mill wastewater by a heterogeneous microbial culture


Borja, R., Banks, C.J. and Alba, J. (1995) A simplified method for determination of kinetic parameters to describe the aerobic biodegradation of two important phenolic constituents of olive mill wastewater by a heterogeneous microbial culture. Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, 30, (3), 607-626. (doi:10.1080/10934529509376220).

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Description/Abstract

Determination of biokinetic parameters for tyrosol (4-hydroxyphenethyl alcohol) and caffeic acid (3,4 dihydroxy cynammic acid) (the two most representative phenolic compounds present in Olive Mill Wastewater, OMW) was achieved using a simplified Monod kinetic model. The experimental procedure utilized acclimated microbial cultures to which substrate was added at low concentration relative to the microbial mass. Nonlinear regression analysis confirmed the application of this approach by being able to accurately predict substrate utilization rates. Values for the maximum specific growth rate, μmax, and the half-saturation coefficient, Ks, for tyrosol ranged from 0.4 to 3.5 days-1 and from 6.2 to 18.5 mg/1 respectively. The corresponding values for caffeic acid were 0.9 to 2.3 days-1 and 9.5 to 39.7 mg/1. The biomass yield coefficients for tyrosol and caffeic acid were 0.55 and 0.62 mg VSS/mg substrate and the corresponding decay rates were 0.15 and 0.12 days-1. The simplified approach yielded results that were comparable to values reported for other phenolic compounds determined using more sophisticated experimental and mathematical techniques.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 1532-4117
1093-4529
Keywords: kinetics, aerobic degradation, phenolic compounds, tyrosol, caffeic acid, heterogeneous cultures
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Civil Engineering and the Environment
ePrint ID: 75316
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2010
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 18:54
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/75316

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