Anaerobic digestion of slaughterhouse wastewater using a combination sludge blanket and filter arrangement in a single reactor


Borja, Rafael, Banks, Charles J., Wang, Zhengjian and Mancha, Angela (1998) Anaerobic digestion of slaughterhouse wastewater using a combination sludge blanket and filter arrangement in a single reactor. Bio-resource Technology, 65, (1-2), 125-133. (doi:10.1016/S0960-8524(98)00004-2).

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Description/Abstract

A laboratory-scale anaerobic reactor, in which the bottom two-thirds were occupied by a sludge blanket and the upper one-third by submerged small cubes of polyurethane foam, was evaluated for the anaerobic treatment of slaughterhouse wastewater. The reactor was operated at 35°C during the two experimental studies. In the first study, the chemical oxygen demand (COD) concentration of the wastewater was increased from 3·74 to 10·41 g l−1 whilst maintaining a constant hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 1·5 days. In the second, the HRT was decreased from 1·35 to 0·50 days, whilst maintaining a constant influent COD concentration of 10·41 g l−1.

The results showed that this type of reactor was suitable for the anaerobic treatment of this wastewater and demonstrated a high COD removal of between 90·2 and 93·4% at organic loading rates between 2·49 and 20·82 g COD l−1 day−1. At an HRT of 0·5 days, the reactor achieved a methane yield of 0·345 l CH4 STP per gram of COD removed. This yield is higher than the values reported in previous studies.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 0960-8524 (print)
1873-2976 (electronic)
Keywords: anaerobic digestion, slaughterhouse wastewater, sludge blanket, filter, combination
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Civil Engineering and the Environment
ePrint ID: 75481
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2010
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 18:54
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/75481

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