Vertical axis resistance type wind turbines for use in buildings

Muller, Gerald, Jentsch, Mark F. and Stoddart, Euan (2009) Vertical axis resistance type wind turbines for use in buildings. Renewable Energy, 34, (5), 1407-1412. (doi:10.1016/j.renene.2008.10.008).


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Renewable energy generation in the urban environment has been receiving an increased attention over recent years due to the proximity with the point of use. Building integrated wind turbines are an interesting option in this respect. However, due to technical as well as architectural barriers, the uptake of wind energy converters into buildings has been rather limited. This paper analyses the oldest known form of wind energy converter, the Sistan type windmill, and discusses modern adaptations of this drag force type energy converter for building integration. It is shown that design improvements can lead to an increase of the theoretical efficiency of a drag force type rotor to about 48% (conservative) or 61% (optimistic). Initial experiments with a scale model have shown that efficiencies higher than 40% can be achieved. The integration of the proposed design into buildings is related to current building integrated wind turbine types and demonstrated architecturally.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1016/j.renene.2008.10.008
Additional Information: Technical note
ISSNs: 0960-1481 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: wind energy, windmill, vertical axis wind turbine, buildings, architecture
Subjects: T Technology
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Civil Engineering and the Environment
ePrint ID: 75881
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
May 2009Published
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2010
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 13:09

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