Sanderson, David J. and Marchini, W.R.D.
Journal of Structural Geology, 6, (5), . (doi:10.1016/0191-8141(84)90058-0).
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Transpression is considered as a wrench or transcurrent shear accompanied by horizontal shortening across, and vertical lengthening along, the shear plane. A model for the strain in transpression is derived, from which the shape and orientation of the finite strain ellipsoid, and the stretch and rotation of lines can be determined. Shortening across the zone of transpression leads to oblate finite strain ellipsoids (k<1).
By considering the superposition of small increments of strain various model deformation paths are computed. These are used to interpret the development of structures, such as en-échelon folds, in transpression zones. The incremental strain ellipsoid allows prediction of the orientation of the principal stresses and hence brittle structures within such zones. The model is also applied to bends and terminations of shear zones and used to interpret the observed patterns of folds and fractures in these
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