Does advanced driver training improve situation awareness?


Walker, Guy H., Stanton, Neville A., Kazi, Tara A., Salmon, Paul M. and Jenkins, Daniel P. (2009) Does advanced driver training improve situation awareness? Applied Ergonomics, 40, (4), 678-687. (doi:10.1016/j.apergo.2008.06.002).

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Description/Abstract

Over 70 years of experiential evidence suggests that a specific form of advanced driver training, one based on an explicit system of car control, improves driver situation awareness (SA). Five experimental hypotheses are developed. They propose that advanced driving should increase the number of information elements in the driver's working memory, increase the interconnection between those elements, increase the amount of ‘new’ information in memory as well as the prominence of existing information, and that finally, it should stimulate behaviours that help drivers evolve better situations to be aware of. An approach to SA based on Neisser's perceptual cycle theory is anchored to a network based methodology. This is applied within the context of a longitudinal on-road study involving three groups of 25 drivers, all of whom were measured pre- and post-intervention. One experimental group was subject to advanced driver training and two further groups provided control for time and for being accompanied whilst driving. Empirical support is found for all five hypotheses. Advanced driving does improve driver SA but not necessarily in the way that existing situation focused, closed loop models of the concept might predict.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 0003-6870 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: advanced driving, post-licensure, situation awareness, expert knowledge, networks
Subjects: T Technology
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Civil Engineering and the Environment
ePrint ID: 76209
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2010
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 18:55
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/76209

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