Intrauterine exposure to maternal diabetes is associated with higher adiposity and insulin resistance and clustering of cardiovascular risk markers in Indian children
Krishnaveni, Ghattu V., Veena, Sargoor R., Hill, Jacqueline C., Kehoe, Sarah, Karat, Samuel C. and Fall, Caroline H.D. (2010) Intrauterine exposure to maternal diabetes is associated with higher adiposity and insulin resistance and clustering of cardiovascular risk markers in Indian children. Diabetes Care, 33, (2), 402-404. (doi:10.2337/dc09-1393).
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Objective: To test the hypothesis that maternal gestational diabetes increases cardiovascular risk markers in Indian children.
Research design and methods: Anthropometry, blood pressure, and glucose/insulin concentrations were measured in 514 children at 5 and 9.5 years of age (35 offspring of diabetic mothers [ODMs], 39 offspring of diabetic fathers [ODFs]). Children of nondiabetic parents were control subjects.
Results: At age 9.5 years, female ODMs had larger skinfolds (P < 0.001), higher glucose (30 min) and insulin concentrations, and higher homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) of insulin resistance and systolic blood pressure (P < 0.05) than control subjects. Male ODMs had higher HOMA (P < 0.01). Associations were stronger than at age 5 years. Female ODFs had larger skinfolds and male ODFs had higher HOMA (P < 0.05) than control subjects; associations were weaker than for ODMs. Associations between outcomes in control subjects and parental BMI, glucose, and insulin concentrations were similar for mothers and fathers.
Conclusions: The intrauterine environment experienced by ODMs increases diabetes and cardiovascular risk over genetic factors; the effects strengthen during childhood.
|Subjects:||R Medicine > R Medicine (General)|
|Divisions:||University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Medicine > Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
|Date Deposited:||15 Mar 2010|
|Last Modified:||01 Jun 2011 15:14|
|Contributors:||Krishnaveni, Ghattu V. (Author)
Veena, Sargoor R. (Author)
Hill, Jacqueline C. (Author)
Kehoe, Sarah (Author)
Karat, Samuel C. (Author)
Fall, Caroline H.D. (Author)
|Contact Email Address:||firstname.lastname@example.org|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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