Simpson, Pauline and Hey, Jessie M.N.
Institutional e-Print repositories for research visibility.
Drake, Miriam (eds.)
Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science 2nd ed.
A pivotal stage has been reached where the international movement towards
open access to research results is meeting the growing development of
institutional digital repositories (also known as e-Print archives) and encouraging
new forms of scholarly communication and e-research collaboration as a result.
Institutional repositories enable an institution or research laboratory to
showcase the digital assets that are created by its employees and students.
These repositories are beginning to supplement discipline based repositories
as a method of making research results immediately accessible. Open access
implies ‘free at the point of use’ enabling any researcher who is interested
to read research output which is relevant to him/her. Ultimately new forms
of analysis of the literature will be possible since all research will be
accessible in digital form.
Adding e-Prints ( full text and perhaps supplemental material) to research
publication records promotes visibility particularly when records are searchable by both general search engines and specialist global ‘Open Archive Initiative compliant’ search engines. e-Print repositories can consist, narrowly, of peer-reviewed journal articles or can extend to the whole of research output including conference papers, posters, pre-prints , multimedia and dissertations, even primary data. The range of content will depend to some extent on the discipline.
The Open Access movement is likely to impact on the traditional publishing paradigm and turn the world’s research literature into a global resource accessible to everyone over the internet. Institutional repositories provide this increased visibility to an organization’s research and at the same time researchers benefit through wider and more rapid dissemination of their work.
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