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Techniques for neonatal hearing screening

Lutman, Mark E. (2000) Techniques for neonatal hearing screening Seminars in Hearing, 21, (4), pp. 367-378.

Record type: Article

Abstract

The aim of screening of hearing in neonates is to concentrate cases with material disorder into a manageable group that may be referred for more definitive diagnostic testing. Material disorder is defined as a permanent bilateral hearing impairment of at least 40 dB averaged over the frequencies 0.5, 1, 2, and 4 kHz. The two most common approaches involve automated auditory brain stem response (AABR) and transiently evoked to acoustic emission (TEOAE) techniques. Both techniques can achieve adequate specificity in excess of 95%. Provisional estimates of sensitivity suggest that 80 to 90% of cases will be correctly classified, which, although not ideal, is adequate for the purpose. Conventional AABR and TEOAE techniques do not provide frequency-specific threshold estimates. Implementation and validation of steady-state evoked potential (SSEP) and distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) techniques may add this information. It is concluded that current techniques are fit for the purpose of effective neonatal hearing screening programs.

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More information

Published date: 2000
Keywords: neonate, hearing, screening
Organisations: Human Sciences Group

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 10499
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/10499
PURE UUID: 29254da2-4e7c-4a75-a9d7-96c622e4ab01

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 24 Feb 2005
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 17:06

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Contributors

Author: Mark E. Lutman

University divisions

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