Population continuity or population change: formation of the ancient Egyptian state

Zakrzewski, Sonia R. (2007) Population continuity or population change: formation of the ancient Egyptian state American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 132, (4), pp. 501-509. (doi:10.1002/ajpa.20569).


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The origins of the ancient Egyptian state and its formation have received much attention, through analysis of mortuary contexts, skeletal material, and trade. Genetic diversity was analyzed by studying craniometric variation within a series of six time-successive Egyptian populations in order to investigate the evidence for migration over the period of the development of social hierarchy and the Egyptian state. Craniometric variation, based upon 16 measurements, was assessed through principal components analysis, discriminant function analysis, and Mahalanobis D2 matrix computation. Spatial and temporal relationships was assessed by Mantel and Partial Mantel test. The results indicate overall population continuity over the Predynastic and early Dynastic, and high levels of genetic heterogeneity, thereby suggesting that state formation occurred as a mainly indigenous process. Nevertheless, significant differences were found in morphology between both geographically pooled and cemetery specific temporal groups, indicating that at least a certain degree of migration occurred along the Egyptian Nile Valley over the periods studied.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1002/ajpa.20569
ISSNs: 0002-9483 (print)
Keywords: egypt, craniometric variation, biodistance, population history, phenotypic diversity

ePrint ID: 12075
Date :
Date Event
April 2007Published
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2005
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2017 23:54
Further Information:Google Scholar
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/12075

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