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Compaction control of melt distribution at fast-spreading mid-ocean ridges

Compaction control of melt distribution at fast-spreading mid-ocean ridges
Compaction control of melt distribution at fast-spreading mid-ocean ridges
Models of mid-ocean ridge processes in which oceanic crust forms from a sill-like intrusion in the upper crust provide a link between geophysical studies of mid-ocean ridges and geological studies of ophiolites. These models predict that the lower crust forms by subsidence of largely solidified material beneath the sill. Such a downwelling provides a means to counter the normal tendency of entrained melt to separate from the higher density solid phase. In this case, the melt distribution may be controlled by the melt fraction that is just unable to escape the downward motion as much as by thermal constraints. Reasonable physical parameters for such a system yield melt distributions with a good match to the observed seismic velocity structure of the East Pacific Rise. Detailed estimates of lower crustal melt distribution may help to distinguish these two controls.
0094-8276
41.1-4
Henstock, Timothy J.
27c450a4-3e6b-41f8-97f9-4e0e181400bb
Henstock, Timothy J.
27c450a4-3e6b-41f8-97f9-4e0e181400bb

Henstock, Timothy J. (2002) Compaction control of melt distribution at fast-spreading mid-ocean ridges. Geophysical Research Letters, 29 (7), 41.1-4. (doi:10.1029/2001GL013755).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Models of mid-ocean ridge processes in which oceanic crust forms from a sill-like intrusion in the upper crust provide a link between geophysical studies of mid-ocean ridges and geological studies of ophiolites. These models predict that the lower crust forms by subsidence of largely solidified material beneath the sill. Such a downwelling provides a means to counter the normal tendency of entrained melt to separate from the higher density solid phase. In this case, the melt distribution may be controlled by the melt fraction that is just unable to escape the downward motion as much as by thermal constraints. Reasonable physical parameters for such a system yield melt distributions with a good match to the observed seismic velocity structure of the East Pacific Rise. Detailed estimates of lower crustal melt distribution may help to distinguish these two controls.

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More information

Published date: 2002
Organisations: Ocean and Earth Science

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 1241
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/1241
ISSN: 0094-8276
PURE UUID: 3eaf6ef7-f0a8-4f2c-af11-16bd2701f2c7
ORCID for Timothy J. Henstock: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-2132-2514

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 06 Apr 2004
Last modified: 10 Nov 2021 02:59

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