The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

An Investigation of District Spatial Variations of Childhood Diarrhoea and Fever Morbidity in Malawi

Kandala, N. B., Magadi, M. A. and Madise, N. J. (2004) An Investigation of District Spatial Variations of Childhood Diarrhoea and Fever Morbidity in Malawi , Southampton, UK Southampton Statistical Sciences Research Institute 35pp. (S3RI Applications and Policy Working Papers, A04/14).

Record type: Monograph (Working Paper)


Although diarrhoea and malaria are among the leading causes of child mortality and morbidity in Sub-Saharan Africa, few detailed studies have examined the patterns and determinants of these ailments in the most affected communities. In this paper, we investigate the spatial clustering of observed diarrhoea and fever morbidity in Malawi using the 2000 Malawi Demographic and Health survey. Clustering was achieved by mapping the residual district spatial effects using a Bayesian geo-additive logistic model that simultaneously control for spatial dependence in the data and potential nonlinear effects of covariates. For both ailments, we were able to identify a distinct district pattern of childhood morbidity. The spatial patterns emphasise the role of remoteness as well as climatic and geographic factors on morbidity. The fixed effects show the importance of exclusively breastfeeding for diarrhoea and maternal education for both ailments. Diarrhoea and fever were both observed to show an interesting association with a child’s age.

PDF 12463-01.pdf - Other
Download (464kB)

More information

Published date: 16 November 2004


Local EPrints ID: 12463
PURE UUID: befcc513-3567-4632-b71c-f4453bcd7d6b
ORCID for N. J. Madise: ORCID iD

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 16 Nov 2004
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 17:03

Export record


Author: N. B. Kandala
Author: M. A. Magadi
Author: N. J. Madise ORCID iD

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton:

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.