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SLIM: a numerical model to evaluate the factors controlling the evolution of intertidal mudflats in Venice Lagoon, Italy

SLIM: a numerical model to evaluate the factors controlling the evolution of intertidal mudflats in Venice Lagoon, Italy
SLIM: a numerical model to evaluate the factors controlling the evolution of intertidal mudflats in Venice Lagoon, Italy
Venice Lagoon is suffering from a deficit in sediment supply, which results in the progressive destruction of salt marshes and tidal flats [Consorzio Venezia Nuova, 1996]. Nevertheless, some of the intertidal areas are accreting showing morphological changes, which are in contrast with the general trend within the Lagoon. The morphological evolution of Palude della Centrega, a well-preserved and vegetated intertidal area located in the northern part of the Lagoon, was investigated over a period of 3 years. The short-term accretion rate was measured to be 1.52 cm/year and was used to calibrate a three-element box model, Simulation of LIttoral Morphodynamics (SLIM) constructed to predict which of the accounted factors are more relevant to the evolution of the accreting intertidal mudflat.
Sensitivity analyses using SLIM on Palude della Centrega suggest that the evolution of the flats is controlled by the balance between wave erosion during Bora events and tidal sedimentation during fine weather. This balance is strongly affected by (1) turbidity of the waters flooding the tidal flats, (2) sea grass density that suppresses wave action and tidal flow and (3) biostabilisation due to microphytobenthos, which enhances stability.
Biostabilisation, Mudflats evolution, Sediment budget, Feedback mechanisms, Box model, Venice Lagoon
0924-7963
257-280
Cappucci, S.
d017f8cd-f6c2-404e-a2e4-09cc75c38ea1
Amos, C.L.
d0a18a13-bccd-4fdc-8901-aea595d4ed5c
Hosoe, T.
f0e067f7-f3f5-477e-b917-c5b91416a1c0
Umgiesser, G.
715016aa-c166-4598-89fc-cf2af5a85c78
Cappucci, S.
d017f8cd-f6c2-404e-a2e4-09cc75c38ea1
Amos, C.L.
d0a18a13-bccd-4fdc-8901-aea595d4ed5c
Hosoe, T.
f0e067f7-f3f5-477e-b917-c5b91416a1c0
Umgiesser, G.
715016aa-c166-4598-89fc-cf2af5a85c78

Cappucci, S., Amos, C.L., Hosoe, T. and Umgiesser, G. (2004) SLIM: a numerical model to evaluate the factors controlling the evolution of intertidal mudflats in Venice Lagoon, Italy. Journal of Marine Systems, 51 (1-4), 257-280. (doi:10.1016/j.jmarsys.2004.05.015).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Venice Lagoon is suffering from a deficit in sediment supply, which results in the progressive destruction of salt marshes and tidal flats [Consorzio Venezia Nuova, 1996]. Nevertheless, some of the intertidal areas are accreting showing morphological changes, which are in contrast with the general trend within the Lagoon. The morphological evolution of Palude della Centrega, a well-preserved and vegetated intertidal area located in the northern part of the Lagoon, was investigated over a period of 3 years. The short-term accretion rate was measured to be 1.52 cm/year and was used to calibrate a three-element box model, Simulation of LIttoral Morphodynamics (SLIM) constructed to predict which of the accounted factors are more relevant to the evolution of the accreting intertidal mudflat.
Sensitivity analyses using SLIM on Palude della Centrega suggest that the evolution of the flats is controlled by the balance between wave erosion during Bora events and tidal sedimentation during fine weather. This balance is strongly affected by (1) turbidity of the waters flooding the tidal flats, (2) sea grass density that suppresses wave action and tidal flow and (3) biostabilisation due to microphytobenthos, which enhances stability.

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More information

Published date: 2004
Keywords: Biostabilisation, Mudflats evolution, Sediment budget, Feedback mechanisms, Box model, Venice Lagoon

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 12584
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/12584
ISSN: 0924-7963
PURE UUID: b988e75f-116b-44b4-b1a9-18e3601b97da

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 25 Nov 2004
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 17:02

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