Palmer, Martin R., Helvaci, Cahit and Fallick, Anthony E.
Sulphur, sulphate oxygen and strontium isotopic composition of Cenozoic Turkish evaporates
Chemical Geology, 209, (3-4), . (doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2004.06.027).
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Sulphur (?34S) and strontium isotope (87Sr/86Sr) ratios have been measured in 37 sulphate minerals (gypsum, celestite and thenardite) and 4 sulphide samples (?34S only) from 9 Cenozoic marine and nonmarine evaporites located in Anatolia, Turkey. Oxygen isotope (?18Osulphate) ratios were also measured in 25 gypsum and 1 anhydrite sample from these deposits. These data have been used to determine the origin of dissolved sulphate in the brines that precipitated these minerals. They show that seawater was the dominant source of sulphate and Sr in the marine evaporites, but that perturbations from contemporaneous seawater Sr and sulphur isotope compositions result from recycling of older evaporites and sulphate reduction. Although continental geothermal fluids played an important role in supplying the dissolved salts that formed the nonmarine evaporites, the ?18Osulphate, ?34S and Sr isotope compositions of many of these nonmarine evaporites are indistinguishable from the marine evaporites. As well as suggesting that recycling of marine evaporites was important for controlling the composition of the nonmarine evaporites, it also suggests that ?18Osulphate, ?34S and Sr isotope compositions are not unequivocal tracers in distinguishing between these two types of evaporite. For the Turkish evaporites considered here, the major difference between marine and nonmarine evaporites that contain similar ?34S–?18Osulphate–87Sr/86Sr relationships is that the latter contain high concentrations of boron that reflect a geothermal contribution to the deposits.
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