The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

The evolution of early foraminifera

Pawlowski, J., Holzmann, M., Berney, C., Fahrni, J., Gooday, A.J., Cedhagen, T., Habura, A. and Bowser, S.S. (2003) The evolution of early foraminifera Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 100, (20), pp. 11494-11498. (doi:10.1073/pnas.2035132100).

Record type: Article


Fossil Foraminifera appear in the Early Cambrian, at about the same time as the first skeletonized metazoans. However, due to the inadequate preservation of early unilocular (single-chambered) foraminiferal tests and difficulties in their identification, the evolution of early foraminifers is poorly understood. By using molecular data from a wide range of extant naked and testate unilocular species, we demonstrate that a large radiation of nonfossilized unilocular Foraminifera preceded the diversification of multilocular lineages during the Carboniferous. Within this radiation, similar test morphologies and wall types developed several times independently. Our findings indicate that the early Foraminifera were an important component of Neoproterozoic protistan community, whose ecological complexity was probably much higher than has been generally accepted.
Abbreviations: SSU, small subunit; NJ, neighbor joining; ML, maximum likelihood; Ma, mega-annum

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Published date: 2003
Additional Information: Published online before print September 22, 2003


Local EPrints ID: 1280
ISSN: 0027-8424
PURE UUID: b513debf-4afb-4d37-a968-01d8f1b08497

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 14 Apr 2004
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 17:17

Export record



Author: J. Pawlowski
Author: M. Holzmann
Author: C. Berney
Author: J. Fahrni
Author: A.J. Gooday
Author: T. Cedhagen
Author: A. Habura
Author: S.S. Bowser

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton:

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.