Radley, J.D., Barker, M.J. and Harding, I.C.
Palaeoenvironment and taphonomy of dinosaur tracks in the Vectis Formation (Lower Cretaceous) of the Wessex sub-basin, southern England
Cretaceous Research, 19, (3/4), . (doi:10.1006/cres.1997.0107).
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Reptilian ichnofossils are documented from three levels within the coastal lagoonal Vectis Formation (Wealden Group, Lower Cretaceous) of the Wessex Sub-basin, southern England (coastal exposures of the Isle of Wight). Footprints attributable toIguanodonoccur in arenaceous, strongly trampled, marginal lagoonal deposits at the base of the formation, indicating relatively intense ornithopod activity. These were rapidly buried by influxes of terrestrial and lagoonal sediment. Poorly-preserved footcasts within the upper part of the Barnes High Sandstone Member are tentatively interpreted as undertracks. In the stratigraphically higher Shepherd's Chine Member, footcasts of a small to medium-sized theropod and a small ornithopod originally constituted two or more trackways and are preserved beneath a distinctive, laterally persistent bioclastic limestone bed, characterised by hypichnialDiplocraterion. These suggest relatively low rates of dinosaurian activity on a low salinity, periodically wetted mudflat. Trackway preservation in this case is due to storm-induced shoreward water movements which generated influxes of distinctive bioclastic lithologies from marginal and offshore lagoonal settings. The rapidly-deposited footprint-fills occasionally contain fully articulated shallow burrowing bivalves.
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