Almutairi, Jaber H., Jones, Lloyd Edward and Sandham, Neil D.
Intermittent bursting of a laminar separation bubble on an airfoil
AIAA Journal, 48, (2), . (doi:10.2514/1.44298).
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Large eddy simulation of flow around a NACA-0012 airfoil at a Reynolds number of 50,000 has been used to study the behavior of a laminar separation bubble near stall. The effects of the subgrid-scale model and explicit filtering were studied for a test case in which direct numerical simulation results were available. It was found that a method incorporating a mixed-time-scale model in addition to explicit filtering gave improved results compared with a method with filtering alone. Statistical results as well as snapshots of the flow below stall exhibit good agreement with the direct numerical simulations. For a configuration near still, the effect of the spanwise domain width was investigated by increasing the spanwise length from 20 to 50% chord. Two-point velocity correlations showed a significant improvement for the wider computational domain, in which the simulation was able to capture a low-frequency flow oscillation, in which intermittent bursting of the bubble was observed. The bubble bursting observed here is more irregular than in experiments at higher Reynolds number. The amplitude and frequency are compared with experimental results and with an unsteady viscous-inviscid interaction method which is shown to be capable of capturing unsteady behavior during stall.
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