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Past and present grazing boosts the photo-autotrophic biomass of biofilms

Skov, Martin W., Volkelt-Igoe, Megan, Hawkins, Stephen J., Jesus, Bruno, Thompson, Richard C. and Doncaster, C. Patrick (2010) Past and present grazing boosts the photo-autotrophic biomass of biofilms Marine Ecology Progress Series, 401, pp. 101-111. (doi:10.3354/meps08481).

Record type: Article


Little is known about the long-term consequences of grazing effects on microphytes. This study tested for density-dependent responses to grazer removal on the biomass (Chlorophyll a: ‘Chla’) and composition of natural high rocky-shore biofilms over a 7-month period. Gastropod snails Melarhaphe neritoides graze entirely within circular halos generated in biofilms surrounding their refuges. The experiment crossed 3 levels of original snail density per halo with 3 levels of grazing intensity (generated by 100%, 50% and 0% snail removal). Areas inside halos from which all snails had been removed sustained significantly higher Chla than never-grazed control areas outside the halos. This effect of grazing history was still present after 7 months, suggesting that past grazing had an enduring positive influence on biofilm biomass. Against expectation, Chla-biomass was not increased by removing snails, regardless of original grazer density. Half- and fully-grazed halos peaked to a higher Chla than ungrazed halos in spring. Grazing did not affect the presence of major biofilm taxonomic groups, although it did alter their relative contributions. Never-grazed areas were covered by thick biofilm detritus and had proportionally more filamentous cyanobacteria than grazed areas, which sustained abundant clusters of coccoid cyanobacteria and lichen within micro-pits inaccessible to snail radulae. The study shows that effects of grazing history are not exclusive to macrophytic systems. Grazers boosted the concentration of micro-autotrophs relative to non-Chla biofilm constituents, probably by removing an unproductive biofilm canopy and facilitating light and nutrient penetration for new growth.

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Published date: 22 February 2010
Additional Information: REF
Keywords: standing stock, epilithic biofilm, micro-algae, grazing, refuge, rocky shore, detritus, littorina


Local EPrints ID: 142549
ISSN: 0171-8630
PURE UUID: d2d12385-5a13-4d8e-a689-3cb13c045b1d
ORCID for C. Patrick Doncaster: ORCID iD

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Date deposited: 31 Mar 2010 15:45
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 23:11

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Author: Martin W. Skov
Author: Megan Volkelt-Igoe
Author: Bruno Jesus
Author: Richard C. Thompson

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