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Cultural estrangement: The role of personal and societal value discrepancies

Cultural estrangement: The role of personal and societal value discrepancies
Cultural estrangement: The role of personal and societal value discrepancies
Study 1 examined whether cultural estrangement arises from
discrepancies between personal and societal values (e.g., freedom) rather than from discrepancies in attitudes toward political (e.g., censorship) or mundane (e.g., pizza) objects. The relations between different types of value discrepancies, estrangement, subjective well-being, and need for uniqueness also were examined. Results indicated that personal-societal discrepancies in values and political attitudes predicted estrangement, whereas mundane attitude discrepancies were not related to estrangement. As expected, value discrepancies were the most powerful predictor of estrangement. Value discrepancies were not related to subjective well-being but fulfilled a need for uniqueness. Study 2 replicated the relations between value discrepancies, subjective well-being, and need for uniqueness while showing that a self-report measure of participants’ values and a peer-report measure of the participants’ values yielded the same pattern of value discrepancies. Together, the studies reveal theoretical and empirical benefits of conceptualizing cultural estrangement in terms of value discrepancies.
cultural estrangement, social values, discrepancies, subjective well-being, uniqueness, peer-reports
0146-1672
78-92
Bernhard, Mark
7ba36ef1-12f6-42b3-9a7b-798693618f8a
Gebauer, Jochen
0ef70e29-12ee-4626-9bad-1847280e2492
Maio, Gregory
55989263-58ce-4b1b-994b-8227a14316e5
Bernhard, Mark
7ba36ef1-12f6-42b3-9a7b-798693618f8a
Gebauer, Jochen
0ef70e29-12ee-4626-9bad-1847280e2492
Maio, Gregory
55989263-58ce-4b1b-994b-8227a14316e5

Bernhard, Mark, Gebauer, Jochen and Maio, Gregory (2006) Cultural estrangement: The role of personal and societal value discrepancies. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 32 (1), 78-92. (doi:10.1177/0146167205279908).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Study 1 examined whether cultural estrangement arises from
discrepancies between personal and societal values (e.g., freedom) rather than from discrepancies in attitudes toward political (e.g., censorship) or mundane (e.g., pizza) objects. The relations between different types of value discrepancies, estrangement, subjective well-being, and need for uniqueness also were examined. Results indicated that personal-societal discrepancies in values and political attitudes predicted estrangement, whereas mundane attitude discrepancies were not related to estrangement. As expected, value discrepancies were the most powerful predictor of estrangement. Value discrepancies were not related to subjective well-being but fulfilled a need for uniqueness. Study 2 replicated the relations between value discrepancies, subjective well-being, and need for uniqueness while showing that a self-report measure of participants’ values and a peer-report measure of the participants’ values yielded the same pattern of value discrepancies. Together, the studies reveal theoretical and empirical benefits of conceptualizing cultural estrangement in terms of value discrepancies.

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Bernard et al, PSPB, 2006.pdf - Accepted Manuscript
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More information

Published date: 2006
Keywords: cultural estrangement, social values, discrepancies, subjective well-being, uniqueness, peer-reports

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 142777
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/142777
ISSN: 0146-1672
PURE UUID: f6107ec0-eab2-4ffe-8089-72bf22df783b

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Date deposited: 12 Apr 2010 09:15
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 23:11

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