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Religiosity as self-enhancement: a meta-analysis of the relation between socially desirable responding and religiosity

Record type: Article

In a meta-analysis, the authors test the theoretical formulation that religiosity is a means for self-enhancement.

The authors operationalized self-enhancement as socially desirable responding (SDR) and focused on three facets of religiosity: intrinsic,extrinsic, and religion-as-quest.

Importantly, they assessed two moderators of the relation between SDR and religiosity.

Macrolevel culture reflected countries that varied in degree of religiosity (from high to low: United States, Canada, United Kingdom). Micro-level culture reflected U.S. universities high (christian) versus low (secular) on religiosity.

The results were generally consistent with the theoretical formulation. Both macro-level and micro-level culture moderated the relation between SDR and religiosity: This relation was more positive in samples that placed higher value on religiosity (United States > Canada >
United Kingdom; christian universities > secular universities).

The evidence suggests that religiosity is partly in the service of self-enhancement.

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Citation

Sedikides, Constantine and Gebauer, Jochen E. (2010) Religiosity as self-enhancement: a meta-analysis of the relation between socially desirable responding and religiosity Personality and Social Psychology Review, 14, (1), pp. 17-36. (doi:10.1177/1088868309351002).

More information

Published date: 1 February 2010
Keywords: religiosity, self-enhancement, socially desirable responding, intrinsic religiosity, extrinsic religiosity
Organisations: Psychology

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 142841
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/142841
PURE UUID: f8b5b3a2-06d4-4d65-b76e-4737c9f91870

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 01 Apr 2010 11:17
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 23:11

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Contributors

Author: Jochen E. Gebauer

University divisions

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