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A deep INTEGRAL hard X-ray survey of the 3C 273/Coma region

A deep INTEGRAL hard X-ray survey of the 3C 273/Coma region
A deep INTEGRAL hard X-ray survey of the 3C 273/Coma region
We present an analysis of the deepest hard X-ray survey to date of about 2500 deg2 performed by the IBIS instrument on board INTEGRAL in the 20-60 keV band, with a total exposure time of 4 Ms. We find 34 candidate sources, for which we try to find counterparts at other wavelengths. The ratio of Seyfert 1 to Seyfert 2 is significantly more than the ratio found in the optical. This effect may be explained in the framework of the receding-torus model, but could also be due to absorption columns large enough to affect the 20-60 keV band. None of the predicted Compton-thick objects with 1024 < < 1025 cm-2 is detected unambiguously; when taking lower limits on into account, the fraction of these objects is found to be lower than 24%. We do not see, but cannot exclude, a relationship between absorption and luminosity similar to what is seen in the 2-10 keV band. Our data suggests the possibility of a lack of objects with 1021 1022 cm-2, which could be expected if absorption has two origins, for instance a torus-like structure and the host galaxy. We find that the Log N-Log S diagram of our sources is compatible with those obtained in other surveys in hard X-rays. Compared to models of the AGN population selected in the 2-10 keV band, the Log N-Log S diagram is generally in good agreement, but the distribution is significantly different, with significantly less unabsorbed sources ( < 1022 cm-2) at a given flux limit compared to the models. In this survey, we resolve about 2.5% of the cosmic X-ray background in the 20-60 keV band. We also study the local hard X-ray luminosity function, which is compatible with what is found in other recent hard X-ray surveys. The characteristic luminosity Log is found to be a factor about 5 lower than the value observed in the 2-10 keV band. We find a space density of 10-3 AGN with per Mpc3 and a corresponding luminosity density of 0.9 1039 erg s-1 Mpc-3.
surveys, galaxies: active, galaxies: seyfert, X-rays: diffuse background, X-rays: galaxies
0004-6361
707-718
Paltani, S.
66f3592d-918d-4920-a953-be2b0ef76856
Walter, R.
7b8732fb-3083-4f4d-844e-85a29daaa2c1
McHardy, I. M.
4f215137-9cc4-4a08-982e-772a0b24c17e
Dwelly, T.
c4368952-92c1-45c1-b3c5-5a2a4f18fa60
Steiner, C.
9b5d3b4d-48c9-411d-9ba3-f101d7275e21
Courvoisier, T.J.-L.
7db2c3b4-2df7-4cf5-930e-7817e6256740
Paltani, S.
66f3592d-918d-4920-a953-be2b0ef76856
Walter, R.
7b8732fb-3083-4f4d-844e-85a29daaa2c1
McHardy, I. M.
4f215137-9cc4-4a08-982e-772a0b24c17e
Dwelly, T.
c4368952-92c1-45c1-b3c5-5a2a4f18fa60
Steiner, C.
9b5d3b4d-48c9-411d-9ba3-f101d7275e21
Courvoisier, T.J.-L.
7db2c3b4-2df7-4cf5-930e-7817e6256740

Paltani, S., Walter, R., McHardy, I. M., Dwelly, T., Steiner, C. and Courvoisier, T.J.-L. (2008) A deep INTEGRAL hard X-ray survey of the 3C 273/Coma region. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 485 (3), 707-718. (doi:10.1051/0004-6361:200809450).

Record type: Article

Abstract

We present an analysis of the deepest hard X-ray survey to date of about 2500 deg2 performed by the IBIS instrument on board INTEGRAL in the 20-60 keV band, with a total exposure time of 4 Ms. We find 34 candidate sources, for which we try to find counterparts at other wavelengths. The ratio of Seyfert 1 to Seyfert 2 is significantly more than the ratio found in the optical. This effect may be explained in the framework of the receding-torus model, but could also be due to absorption columns large enough to affect the 20-60 keV band. None of the predicted Compton-thick objects with 1024 < < 1025 cm-2 is detected unambiguously; when taking lower limits on into account, the fraction of these objects is found to be lower than 24%. We do not see, but cannot exclude, a relationship between absorption and luminosity similar to what is seen in the 2-10 keV band. Our data suggests the possibility of a lack of objects with 1021 1022 cm-2, which could be expected if absorption has two origins, for instance a torus-like structure and the host galaxy. We find that the Log N-Log S diagram of our sources is compatible with those obtained in other surveys in hard X-rays. Compared to models of the AGN population selected in the 2-10 keV band, the Log N-Log S diagram is generally in good agreement, but the distribution is significantly different, with significantly less unabsorbed sources ( < 1022 cm-2) at a given flux limit compared to the models. In this survey, we resolve about 2.5% of the cosmic X-ray background in the 20-60 keV band. We also study the local hard X-ray luminosity function, which is compatible with what is found in other recent hard X-ray surveys. The characteristic luminosity Log is found to be a factor about 5 lower than the value observed in the 2-10 keV band. We find a space density of 10-3 AGN with per Mpc3 and a corresponding luminosity density of 0.9 1039 erg s-1 Mpc-3.

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More information

Published date: 6 May 2008
Keywords: surveys, galaxies: active, galaxies: seyfert, X-rays: diffuse background, X-rays: galaxies

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 144655
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/144655
ISSN: 0004-6361
PURE UUID: 98607e25-59b6-4bab-b74f-2bc1488e3765

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Date deposited: 26 May 2010 15:47
Last modified: 17 Jul 2019 00:07

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