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Dissociating the facets of hope: agency and pathways predict dropout from unguided self-help therapy in opposite directions

Record type: Article

Hope comprises two components: agency (“goal directed determination”) and pathways (“planning of ways to meet goals”). We tested whether these two components can be dissociated and therefore differentially predict dropout from two unguided self-help interventions to reduce worry (gratitude vs. thought monitoring and cognitive restructuring interventions, N = 247 entered, 136 completed). The two hope components significantly predicted attrition in opposite directions; agency predicted completion (OR = 2.15, CI = 1.27–3.64, p = .004), whereas pathways predicted dropout (OR = .47, CI = .29–.77, p = .003). Gratitude and thought monitoring reduced worry compared a wait list control, and for completers there was no difference in outcome. Conclusion: hope facets can be dissociated; gratitude techniques are as effective and have better retention than a technique commonly used in cognitive behavior therapy.

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Citation

Geraghty, Adam W.A., Wood, Alex M. and Hyland, Michael E. (2010) Dissociating the facets of hope: agency and pathways predict dropout from unguided self-help therapy in opposite directions Journal of Research in Personality, 44, (1), pp. 155-158. (doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2009.12.003).

More information

Published date: February 2010
Keywords: hope, attrition, self-help, gratitude, worry, intervention, positive psychology

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 146039
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/146039
ISSN: 0092-6566
PURE UUID: 03afd296-3d2c-4fd5-8389-4b2b3ee41e3f

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Date deposited: 20 Apr 2010 13:19
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 23:05

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Contributors

Author: Alex M. Wood
Author: Michael E. Hyland

University divisions

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