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Spirituality predicts outcome independently of expectancy following flower essence self-treatment

Spirituality predicts outcome independently of expectancy following flower essence self-treatment
Spirituality predicts outcome independently of expectancy following flower essence self-treatment
Objective

The aim of this study was to determine whether absorption and spirituality predict the placebo response independently of expectancy.

Method

This was an open study of self-treatment with self-selected Bach flower essences. Participants' expectancy of the effect of flower essences, attitudes to complementary medicine, holistic health beliefs, absorption, and spirituality were measured prior to treatment. One month after the start of treatment, participants responded to an e-mail enquiry about symptom change using a single seven-point change scale.

Results

One hundred sixteen participants (97 university undergraduates and 19 staff) completed all assessments. Spirituality and absorption together predicted additional variance compared with a cluster of expectancy measures comprising expectancy, attitude to complementary medicine, and holistic beliefs (increment in R2=.042, P=.032), and spirituality alone (but not absorption alone) predicted more additional variance than did the expectancy cluster (increment in R2=.043, P=.014).

Conclusion

Our data are inconsistent with conventional explanations for the placebo effect. The mechanism underlying the placebo response is not fully understood.
0022-3999
53-8
Hyland, Michael E.
1d620384-b39a-4e3e-8d2a-7f42d5e65e22
Geraghty, Adam W.A.
2c6549fe-9868-4806-b65a-21881c1930af
Joy, Oliver E.T.
f5e16753-caf0-428f-80c7-bd06ce1707b9
Turner, Scott I.
6a28a1ad-f37f-4d76-88d6-342f24942ff0
Hyland, Michael E.
1d620384-b39a-4e3e-8d2a-7f42d5e65e22
Geraghty, Adam W.A.
2c6549fe-9868-4806-b65a-21881c1930af
Joy, Oliver E.T.
f5e16753-caf0-428f-80c7-bd06ce1707b9
Turner, Scott I.
6a28a1ad-f37f-4d76-88d6-342f24942ff0

Hyland, Michael E., Geraghty, Adam W.A., Joy, Oliver E.T. and Turner, Scott I. (2006) Spirituality predicts outcome independently of expectancy following flower essence self-treatment. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 60 (1), 53-8. (doi:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2005.06.073).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Objective

The aim of this study was to determine whether absorption and spirituality predict the placebo response independently of expectancy.

Method

This was an open study of self-treatment with self-selected Bach flower essences. Participants' expectancy of the effect of flower essences, attitudes to complementary medicine, holistic health beliefs, absorption, and spirituality were measured prior to treatment. One month after the start of treatment, participants responded to an e-mail enquiry about symptom change using a single seven-point change scale.

Results

One hundred sixteen participants (97 university undergraduates and 19 staff) completed all assessments. Spirituality and absorption together predicted additional variance compared with a cluster of expectancy measures comprising expectancy, attitude to complementary medicine, and holistic beliefs (increment in R2=.042, P=.032), and spirituality alone (but not absorption alone) predicted more additional variance than did the expectancy cluster (increment in R2=.043, P=.014).

Conclusion

Our data are inconsistent with conventional explanations for the placebo effect. The mechanism underlying the placebo response is not fully understood.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Published date: January 2006
Organisations: Primary Care & Population Sciences

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 146047
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/146047
ISSN: 0022-3999
PURE UUID: 1bb21854-2769-440c-9b5d-988984777301

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 06 May 2010 09:14
Last modified: 17 Jul 2019 00:05

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Contributors

Author: Michael E. Hyland
Author: Oliver E.T. Joy
Author: Scott I. Turner

University divisions

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