The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

The influence of only and even on online semantic interpretation

The influence of only and even on online semantic interpretation
The influence of only and even on online semantic interpretation
Focus particles such as only and even indicate that the focused element(s) in a sentence should be contrasted with a set of contextually defined alternatives. Only indicates that properties assigned to the focus set are not shared by elements of the alternative set, whereas even indicates that the focus and alternative sets share the properties mentioned in the sentence.

Even has the additional function of marking the focused element as being low on a scale of alternatives ranked in terms of likelihood, thereby signaling that what is being described is somewhat surprising. Using eyetracking, we demonstrate that contrast information associated with only and even is rapidly processed online, with effects for even being delayed, as compared with only (Experiment 1).

This difference in time course was not driven by the underlying semantics of the sentence without the focus particle (Experiment 2) but was probably due to even's more complex semantic function.
678-683
Filik, Ruth
430d029e-fc90-4651-93d5-25eb6fb972fc
Paterson, Kevin B.
4da4f2c5-542a-4a64-9b7e-f4f8380a60e1
Liversedge, Simon P.
3ebda3f3-d930-4f89-85d5-5654d8fe7dee
Filik, Ruth
430d029e-fc90-4651-93d5-25eb6fb972fc
Paterson, Kevin B.
4da4f2c5-542a-4a64-9b7e-f4f8380a60e1
Liversedge, Simon P.
3ebda3f3-d930-4f89-85d5-5654d8fe7dee

Filik, Ruth, Paterson, Kevin B. and Liversedge, Simon P. (2009) The influence of only and even on online semantic interpretation. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 16 (4), 678-683. (doi:10.3758/PBR.16.4.678).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Focus particles such as only and even indicate that the focused element(s) in a sentence should be contrasted with a set of contextually defined alternatives. Only indicates that properties assigned to the focus set are not shared by elements of the alternative set, whereas even indicates that the focus and alternative sets share the properties mentioned in the sentence.

Even has the additional function of marking the focused element as being low on a scale of alternatives ranked in terms of likelihood, thereby signaling that what is being described is somewhat surprising. Using eyetracking, we demonstrate that contrast information associated with only and even is rapidly processed online, with effects for even being delayed, as compared with only (Experiment 1).

This difference in time course was not driven by the underlying semantics of the sentence without the focus particle (Experiment 2) but was probably due to even's more complex semantic function.

This record has no associated files available for download.

More information

Published date: 2009

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 146267
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/146267
PURE UUID: 905b2db2-5a38-46a7-a258-1f22b4da3786

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 21 Apr 2010 08:13
Last modified: 08 Jan 2022 11:33

Export record

Altmetrics

Contributors

Author: Ruth Filik
Author: Kevin B. Paterson
Author: Simon P. Liversedge

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×