Cutress, R.I., Agrawal, A., Meretoja, T.J., Rasia, S., von Smitten, K.A.J., Asko-Seljavaara, S.L., Kuokkanen, H.O.M. and Jahkola, T.A.
Late results of skin sparing mastectomy followed by immediate breast reconstruction
British Journal of Surgery, 94, (10), . (doi:10.1002/bjs.5815).
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Background: skin-sparing mastectomy (SSM) facilitates optimal immediate breast reconstruction (IBR) by preserving the inframammary fold and most of the breast skin. Concerns persist that SSM might increase the rate of local recurrence as the surgical approach is less extensive. Patients who had SSM and IBR over 10 years at a single institution were reviewed.
Methods: a total of 207 consecutive women who underwent SSM and IBR from 1992 to 2001 were included in the study. The patient records were analysed retrospectively and follow-up data were included.
Results: postoperative complications included native skin flap necrosis (10·1 per cent), haematoma (10·6 per cent), infection (3·4 per cent), anastomotic thrombosis (5·3 per cent) and hernia (2·6 per cent). During a mean follow-up of 70 months, 5·8 per cent of patients with stage 0-2 disease developed a locoregional recurrence, although none of these later had a systemic recurrence. The rate of locoregional recurrence was 31 per cent (five of 16) in women with stage 3 breast cancer.
Conclusion: SSM followed by IBR was both surgically and oncologically safe, especially for early-stage breast cancer.
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