Jolly, K., Lip, G.Y.H., Taylor, R.S., Raftery, J., Mant, J., Lane, D., Greenfield, S. and Stevens, A.
The Birmingham rehabilitation uptake maximisation study (BRUM): a randomised controlled trial comparing home-based with centre-based cardiac rehabilitation
Heart, 95, (1), . (doi:10.1136/hrt.2007.127209).
Objective: to compare the outcomes of home-based (using the Heart Manual) and centre-based cardiac rehabilitation programmes.
Design: randomised controlled trial and parallel economic
Setting: predominantly inner-city, multi-ethnic population
in the West Midlands, England.
Patients: 525 patients referred to four hospitals for
cardiac rehabilitation following myocardial infarction or
Interventions: a home-based cardiac rehabilitation programme compared with centre-based programmes.
Main outcome measures: smoking cessation, blood pressure (systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP)), total cholesterol (TC) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, psychological status (HADS
anxiety and depression) and exercise capacity (incremental
shuttle walking test, ISWT) measured at 12 months. Health service resource use, quality of life utility and costs were quantified.
Results: there were no significant differences in the
main outcomes when the home-based was compared with the centre-based programme at 12 months. Adjusted mean difference (95% CI) for SBP was 1.94 mm Hg (21.1 to 5.0); DBP 0.42 mm Hg (21.25 to 2.1); TC 0.1 mmol/l (20.05 to 0.24); HADS anxiety 20.02 (20.69 to 0.65); HADS depression 20.35 (20.95 to 0.25); distance on ISWT 221.5 m (248.3 to 5.2). The relative risk of being a smoker in the home arm was 0.90. The cost per patient to the NHS was significantly higher in the home arm at £198, (95% CI 189 to 208) compared to £157 (95% CI 139 to 175) in the centre-based arm. However when the patients’ cost of travel was included, these differences were no longer significant.
Conclusions: a home-based cardiac rehabilitation programme
does not produce inferior outcomes when compared to traditional centre-based programmes as provided in the United Kingdom.
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