The role of soft classification techniques in the refinement of estimates of ground control point location
Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, 68, (9), .
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Mis-registration of data sets is one of the largest sources of error in many remote sensing studies. An initial contribution to this error arises through the mis-location of ground control points (GCPs) used to derive geometrical transformation equations. Here, it is proposed that a soft classification of land cover may be used to direct the estimation of GCP location. The soft classification provides an estimate of the class composition of each image pixel. The spatial distribution of a pixel's component land covers may then be modeled over the area it represents and used to reduce the error in estimating the location of a GCP that lies within this area. An example is provided in which the error in locating a set of GCPs was reduced by up to 35.7 percent when information from a soft classification was available to aid the estimation of their location at a sub-pixel scale.
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