The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Diet and mobility in early medieval bavaria: a study of carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes

Diet and mobility in early medieval bavaria: a study of carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes
Diet and mobility in early medieval bavaria: a study of carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes
This paper investigates patterns of mobility in Early Medieval Bavaria through a combined study of diet and associated burial practice. Carbon and nitrogen isotope ratios were analyzed in human bone samples from the Late Roman cemetery of Klettham and from the Early Medieval cemeteries of Altenerding and Straubing-Bajuwarenstrasse. For dietary comparison, samples of faunal bone from one Late Roman and three Early Medieval settlement sites were also analyzed. The results indicate that the average diet was in keeping with a landlocked environment and fairly limited availability of freshwater or marine resources. The diet appears not to have changed significantly from the Late Roman to the Early Medieval period.

However, in the population of Altenerding there were significant differences in the diet of men and women, supporting a hypothesis of greater mobility among women. Furthermore, the isotopic evidence from dietary outliers is supported by ‘foreign’ grave goods and practices, such as artificial skull modification. These results reveal the potential of carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis for questions regarding migration and mobility.
exogamy, artificial skull modification, altenerding, straubing-bajuwarenstrasse
0002-9483
1-15
Hakenbeck, Susanne
4b49b16f-27fc-4938-bf0c-dc64c3b34f22
McManus, Ellen
0033809d-212e-422b-adfb-a52fce43dcbf
Geisler, Hans
6762e517-ac53-4d23-87d6-2441fd21f5ca
Grupe, Gisela
9e371a90-1de7-4832-882a-6aa94bb14ac5
O'Connell, Tamsin C.
76de182b-933f-41fc-bd1a-252be47d2a49
Hakenbeck, Susanne
4b49b16f-27fc-4938-bf0c-dc64c3b34f22
McManus, Ellen
0033809d-212e-422b-adfb-a52fce43dcbf
Geisler, Hans
6762e517-ac53-4d23-87d6-2441fd21f5ca
Grupe, Gisela
9e371a90-1de7-4832-882a-6aa94bb14ac5
O'Connell, Tamsin C.
76de182b-933f-41fc-bd1a-252be47d2a49

Hakenbeck, Susanne, McManus, Ellen, Geisler, Hans, Grupe, Gisela and O'Connell, Tamsin C. (2010) Diet and mobility in early medieval bavaria: a study of carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 1-15. (doi:10.1002/ajpa.21309).

Record type: Article

Abstract

This paper investigates patterns of mobility in Early Medieval Bavaria through a combined study of diet and associated burial practice. Carbon and nitrogen isotope ratios were analyzed in human bone samples from the Late Roman cemetery of Klettham and from the Early Medieval cemeteries of Altenerding and Straubing-Bajuwarenstrasse. For dietary comparison, samples of faunal bone from one Late Roman and three Early Medieval settlement sites were also analyzed. The results indicate that the average diet was in keeping with a landlocked environment and fairly limited availability of freshwater or marine resources. The diet appears not to have changed significantly from the Late Roman to the Early Medieval period.

However, in the population of Altenerding there were significant differences in the diet of men and women, supporting a hypothesis of greater mobility among women. Furthermore, the isotopic evidence from dietary outliers is supported by ‘foreign’ grave goods and practices, such as artificial skull modification. These results reveal the potential of carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis for questions regarding migration and mobility.

Text
Hakenbeck_et_al_2010_presubmission.pdf - Author's Original
Restricted to Repository staff only

More information

Published date: 28 April 2010
Keywords: exogamy, artificial skull modification, altenerding, straubing-bajuwarenstrasse

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 150021
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/150021
ISSN: 0002-9483
PURE UUID: 82d5784e-42ae-445d-86bb-ab77adcd1a75

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 04 May 2010 08:51
Last modified: 19 Jul 2019 23:24

Export record

Altmetrics

Contributors

Author: Susanne Hakenbeck
Author: Ellen McManus
Author: Hans Geisler
Author: Gisela Grupe
Author: Tamsin C. O'Connell

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×