The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Effects of instrumentation changes on ocean surface temperature measured in situ

Kent, Elizabeth C., Kennedy, John. J., Berry, David I. and Smith, Robert O. (2010) Effects of instrumentation changes on ocean surface temperature measured in situ Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 1, (5), pp. 718-728. (doi:10.1002/wcc.55).

Record type: Article


Measurements of ocean surface temperature are an important climate record, complementing terrestrial air temperature observations, records of marine air temperature, ocean subsurface temperatures and ocean heat content. Sea-surface temperature (SST) has been measured since the mid-18th Century, although observations are sparse in the early period. Historically, marine observing systems relied on observations made by seafarers and necessary information on measurement methods is often not available. There are many historical descriptions of observing practice and instrumentation, some including quantification of biases between different methods. This documentation has been used, with the available observations, to develop models for the expected biases which vary according to how the measurement were made, over time and with the environmental conditions. Adjustments have been developed for these biases and some gridded SST datasets adjust for these differences and provide uncertainty estimates, including uncertainties in the bias adjustments. The modern in situ SST observing system continues to evolve and now includes many observations from moored and drifting buoys which must be characterised relative to earlier observations to provide a consistent record of multi-decadal changes in SST.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Accepted/In Press date: 25 March 2010
e-pub ahead of print date: 17 May 2010
Published date: 16 September 2010
Organisations: Marine Physics and Ocean Climate


Local EPrints ID: 151457
PURE UUID: 8ec0e66a-2b52-4a2e-a2a4-0978f4589623

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 11 May 2010 10:21
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 12:55

Export record



Author: Elizabeth C. Kent
Author: John. J. Kennedy
Author: David I. Berry
Author: Robert O. Smith

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton:

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.