The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Palaeoecology of human impact during the historic period: palynology and geochemistry of a peat deposit at Abbeyknockmoy, Co. Galway, Ireland

Record type: Article

Understanding the present condition of the cultural landscape requires a palaeoecological perspective with a particular emphasis on the growing intensity of human impact over the last few centuries. Detailed palynological investigations of the uppermost metre of peat at Abbeyknockmoy Bog were supplemented by silicon and titanium analyses to give additional proxy records for the intensity of human impact on the local landscape. The AMS radiocarbon chronology for this profile is constrained by the presence of the Hekla-1 tephra isochron of AD 1104. The palaeoenvironmental evidence correlates closely to the local historical and archaeological records. The results indicate a late Iron Age lull in human impact in the early centuries AD, which is followed by increasing agricultural activity during the early Christian period. The establishment of the Cistercian monastery of Abbeyknockmoy in the twelfth century AD had a significant impact upon the landscape. A peak in deforestation and farming activity is registered in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries AD. The silicon and titanium records correlate strongly with the pollen indicators for increased human disturbance.

Full text not available from this repository.

Citation

Lomas-Clarke, S.H. and Barber, K.E. (2004) Palaeoecology of human impact during the historic period: palynology and geochemistry of a peat deposit at Abbeyknockmoy, Co. Galway, Ireland The Holocene, 14, (5), pp. 721-731. (doi:10.1191/0959683604hl750rp).

More information

Published date: 2004
Additional Information: Pioneering research on silicon and titanium analyses, allied to high resolution pollen analyses, as proxies for farming activity during the under-researched historic period. Used historic tephra, Hekla AD 1104, to tie data to the founding of the local Cistercian monastery and links palaeoecology to documentary history. NERC funded.
Keywords: human impact, palaeoecology, historical period, late holocene, geochemistry, pollen analysis, silicon and titanium, analyses, tephra, ireland

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 15524
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/15524
ISSN: 0959-6836
PURE UUID: ebfcd27a-b6ea-42f8-9935-9f9315de5082

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 20 Apr 2005
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 16:48

Export record

Altmetrics

Contributors

Author: S.H. Lomas-Clarke
Author: K.E. Barber

University divisions


Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×