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The archaeogenetics of Europe

The archaeogenetics of Europe
The archaeogenetics of Europe
A new timescale has recently been established for human
mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) lineages, making mtDNA at
present the most informative genetic marker system for
studying European prehistory. Here, we review the new
chronology and compare mtDNA with Y-chromosome
patterns, in order to summarize what we have learnt from
archaeogenetics concerning five episodes over the past
50,000 years which significantly contributed to the settlement history of Europe: the pioneer colonisation of the Upper Palaeolithic, the Late Glacial re-colonisation of the continent from southern refugia after the Last Glacial Maximum, the postglacial re-colonization of deserted areas after the Younger Dryas cold snap, the arrival of Near Easterners with an incipient Neolithic package, and the small-scale migrations along continent-wide economic exchange networks beginning with the Copper
Age. The available data from uniparental genetic systems
have already transformed our view of the prehistory of
Europe, but our knowledge of these processes remains
limited. Nevertheless, their legacy remains as sedimentary
layers in the gene pool of modern Europeans, and our
understanding of them will improve substantially when
more mtDNAs are completely sequenced, the Y chromosome
more thoroughly analysed, and haplotype blocks of
the autosomal genome become amenable to phylogeographic
studies.
0960-9822
R174-R183
Soares, Pedro
04e9ff02-ebab-4f37-a0f2-ff1fca79cfd1
Achilli, Alessandro
d80ed0cb-0163-48a8-9da8-c04ff02f8fd0
Semino, Ornella
f7c33ddb-0d5e-40b4-8357-1929cd1b8ff2
Davies, William
5042ec27-3fcd-4ddb-bc0c-8c5578a0e50b
Macaulay, Vincent
f8e6c807-e03e-4c05-ab71-16da02f17242
Bandelt, Hans-Juergen
6c612fb7-0eb7-40d1-84e4-6be40dc85b70
Torroni, Antonio
be662fbf-1085-4d1b-9a40-cd3f14e60a4d
Richards, Martin B.
f50f6fbd-e621-4979-ae93-f82785793eae
Soares, Pedro
04e9ff02-ebab-4f37-a0f2-ff1fca79cfd1
Achilli, Alessandro
d80ed0cb-0163-48a8-9da8-c04ff02f8fd0
Semino, Ornella
f7c33ddb-0d5e-40b4-8357-1929cd1b8ff2
Davies, William
5042ec27-3fcd-4ddb-bc0c-8c5578a0e50b
Macaulay, Vincent
f8e6c807-e03e-4c05-ab71-16da02f17242
Bandelt, Hans-Juergen
6c612fb7-0eb7-40d1-84e4-6be40dc85b70
Torroni, Antonio
be662fbf-1085-4d1b-9a40-cd3f14e60a4d
Richards, Martin B.
f50f6fbd-e621-4979-ae93-f82785793eae

Soares, Pedro, Achilli, Alessandro, Semino, Ornella, Davies, William, Macaulay, Vincent, Bandelt, Hans-Juergen, Torroni, Antonio and Richards, Martin B. (2010) The archaeogenetics of Europe. Current Biology, 20 (4), R174-R183. (doi:10.1016/j.cub.2009.11.054).

Record type: Article

Abstract

A new timescale has recently been established for human
mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) lineages, making mtDNA at
present the most informative genetic marker system for
studying European prehistory. Here, we review the new
chronology and compare mtDNA with Y-chromosome
patterns, in order to summarize what we have learnt from
archaeogenetics concerning five episodes over the past
50,000 years which significantly contributed to the settlement history of Europe: the pioneer colonisation of the Upper Palaeolithic, the Late Glacial re-colonisation of the continent from southern refugia after the Last Glacial Maximum, the postglacial re-colonization of deserted areas after the Younger Dryas cold snap, the arrival of Near Easterners with an incipient Neolithic package, and the small-scale migrations along continent-wide economic exchange networks beginning with the Copper
Age. The available data from uniparental genetic systems
have already transformed our view of the prehistory of
Europe, but our knowledge of these processes remains
limited. Nevertheless, their legacy remains as sedimentary
layers in the gene pool of modern Europeans, and our
understanding of them will improve substantially when
more mtDNAs are completely sequenced, the Y chromosome
more thoroughly analysed, and haplotype blocks of
the autosomal genome become amenable to phylogeographic
studies.

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Published date: 23 February 2010
Organisations: Archaeology

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Local EPrints ID: 156441
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/156441
ISSN: 0960-9822
PURE UUID: 3ac8bbe8-2cc5-4f1b-9f6e-aac48a591db0

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Date deposited: 02 Jun 2010 10:58
Last modified: 17 Jul 2019 23:18

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