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The archaeogenetics of Europe

Soares, Pedro, Achilli, Alessandro, Semino, Ornella, Davies, William, Macaulay, Vincent, Bandelt, Hans-Juergen, Torroni, Antonio and Richards, Martin B. (2010) The archaeogenetics of Europe Current Biology, 20, (4), R174-R183. (doi:10.1016/j.cub.2009.11.054).

Record type: Article

Abstract

A new timescale has recently been established for human
mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) lineages, making mtDNA at
present the most informative genetic marker system for
studying European prehistory. Here, we review the new
chronology and compare mtDNA with Y-chromosome
patterns, in order to summarize what we have learnt from
archaeogenetics concerning five episodes over the past
50,000 years which significantly contributed to the settlement history of Europe: the pioneer colonisation of the Upper Palaeolithic, the Late Glacial re-colonisation of the continent from southern refugia after the Last Glacial Maximum, the postglacial re-colonization of deserted areas after the Younger Dryas cold snap, the arrival of Near Easterners with an incipient Neolithic package, and the small-scale migrations along continent-wide economic exchange networks beginning with the Copper
Age. The available data from uniparental genetic systems
have already transformed our view of the prehistory of
Europe, but our knowledge of these processes remains
limited. Nevertheless, their legacy remains as sedimentary
layers in the gene pool of modern Europeans, and our
understanding of them will improve substantially when
more mtDNAs are completely sequenced, the Y chromosome
more thoroughly analysed, and haplotype blocks of
the autosomal genome become amenable to phylogeographic
studies.

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Published date: 23 February 2010
Organisations: Archaeology

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 156441
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/156441
ISSN: 0960-9822
PURE UUID: 3ac8bbe8-2cc5-4f1b-9f6e-aac48a591db0

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 02 Jun 2010 10:58
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 12:42

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Contributors

Author: Pedro Soares
Author: Alessandro Achilli
Author: Ornella Semino
Author: William Davies
Author: Vincent Macaulay
Author: Hans-Juergen Bandelt
Author: Antonio Torroni
Author: Martin B. Richards

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