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Energy expenditure, nutrition and growth

Wiskin, A.E., Davies, J.H., Wootton, S.A. and Beattie, R.M. (2011) Energy expenditure, nutrition and growth Archives of Disease in Childhood, 96, (6), pp. 567-572. (doi:10.1136/adc.2009.158303). (PMID:20647260).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Fundamental to appropriate nutritional prescription is an understanding of the conditions necessary for growth that include the requirements for energy in health and illness. Energy requirements need to be met by the dietary intake to prevent weight loss. A positive energy balance will result in weight gain. Energy requirement includes several components; the largest is the basal metabolic rate, although physical activity level and the energy needs of growth are important components.

All aspects of energy metabolism are likely to be influenced by illness and impact on energy balance. Changes in dietary intake and physical activity are observed clinically but poorly described in most childhood illnesses. Changes in metabolic rate are poorly described in part owing to methodological problems.

This review explores changes in energy expenditure associated with health and disease, highlights the lack of evidence underpinning this aspect of practical nutritional support and provides the clinician with a guide to the factors involved in estimating energy requirements, emphasising the importance of measuring the child's response to nutritional support.

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 20 July 2010
Published date: June 2011

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 161287
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/161287
ISSN: 0003-9888
PURE UUID: f4686ecf-c4b2-4194-975c-75dfd87f5c18

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 27 Jul 2010 13:51
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 12:34

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Contributors

Author: A.E. Wiskin
Author: J.H. Davies
Author: S.A. Wootton
Author: R.M. Beattie

University divisions

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