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Gravity crustal models and heat flow measurements for the Eurasian Basin, Arctic Ocean

Record type: Article

The Gakkel Ridge in the Arctic Ocean with its
adjacent Nansen and Amundsen Basins is a key region for
the study of mantle melting and crustal generation at
ultraslow spreading rates. We use free-air gravity anomalies
in combination with seismic reflection and wide-angle data
to compute 2-D crustal models for the Nansen and
Amundsen Basins in the Arctic Ocean. Despite the permanent
pack-ice cover two geophysical transects cross both
entire basins. This means that the complete basin geometry
of the world’s slowest spreading system can be analysed in
detail for the first time. Applying standard densities for the
sediments and oceanic crystalline crust, the gravity models
reveal an unexpected heterogeneous mantle with densities
of 3.30 9 103, 3.20 9 103 and 3.10 9 103 kg/m3 near the
Gakkel Ridge. We interpret that the upper mantle heterogeneity
mainly results from serpentinisation and thermal
effects. The thickness of the oceanic crust is highly variable
throughout both transects. Crustal thickness of less than
1 km dominates in the oldest parts of both basins, increasing
to a maximum value of 6 km near the Gakkel Ridge.
Along-axis heat flow is highly variable and heat flow
amplitudes resemble those observed at fast or intermediate
spreading ridges. Unexpectedly, high heat flow along the
Amundsen transect exceeds predicted values from global
cooling curves by more than 100%.

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Citation

Urlaub, Morelia, Schmidt-Aursch, Mechita, Jokat, Wilfried and Kaul, Norbert (2009) Gravity crustal models and heat flow measurements for the Eurasian Basin, Arctic Ocean Marine Geophysical Researches, 30, (4), pp. 277-292. (doi:10.1007/s11001-010-9093-x).

More information

Published date: 2009

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 163387
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/163387
ISSN: 0025-3235
PURE UUID: bbef5ea3-eaa9-4d33-9feb-2e1f5b05b75c

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 17 Dec 2010 13:32
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 12:31

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Contributors

Author: Morelia Urlaub
Author: Mechita Schmidt-Aursch
Author: Wilfried Jokat
Author: Norbert Kaul

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