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Recent advances in ultrafast laser micromachining: from optical materials to living cells

Recent advances in ultrafast laser micromachining: from optical materials to living cells
Recent advances in ultrafast laser micromachining: from optical materials to living cells
Modification of transparent materials with ultrafast lasers has attracted considerable interest due to a wide range of applications including laser surgery, integrated optics, optical data storage, 3D micro- and nanostructuring [1,2]. Three different types of material modifications can be induced with ultrafast laser irradiation in the bulk of a transparent material, silica glass in particular: an isotropic refractive index change (type 1); a form birefringence associated with self-assembled nanogratings and negative refractive index change (type 2) [3,4]; and a void (type 3). In fused silica the transition from type 1 to type 2 and finally to type 3 modification is observed with an increase of fluence. Recently, a remarkable phenomenon in ultrafast laser processing of transparent materials has been reported manifesting itself as a change in material modification by reversing the writing direction [5]. The phenomenon has been interpreted in terms of anisotropic plasma heating by a tilted front of the ultrashort laser pulse. Moreover a change in structural modification has been demonstrated in glass by controlling the direction of pulse front tilt, achieving a calligraphic style of laser writing which is similar in appearance to that inked with the bygone quill pen [6]. It has also been a common belief that in a homogeneous medium, the photosensitivity and corresponding light-induced material modifications do not change on the reversal of light propagation direction. More recently it has observed that in a non-centrosymmetric medium, modification of the material can be different when light propagates in opposite directions (KaYaSo effect) [7]. Non-reciprocity is produced by magnetic field (Faraday effect) and movement of the medium with respect to the direction of light propagation: parallel (Sagnac effect) or perpendicular (KaYaSo effect). Moreover a new phenomenon of ultrafast light blade, representing itself the first evidence of anisotropic sensitivity of isotropic medium to femtosecond laser radiation has been recently discovered [8]. We anticipate that the synergy of advances in ultrafast laser micromachining with state of the art imaging techniques such as digital holographic microscopy will open new opportunities in laser material processing, laser surgery and optical manipulation
Kazansky, P.G.
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Beresna, Martynas
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Shimotsuma, Yasuhiko
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Sakakura, Masaaki
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Miura, Kiyotaka
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Hirao, Kazuyuki
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Qiu, Jiarong
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Svirko, Yuri P.
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Kazansky, P.G.
a5d123ec-8ea8-408c-8963-4a6d921fd76c
Beresna, Martynas
a6dc062e-93c6-46a5-aeb3-8de332cdec7b
Shimotsuma, Yasuhiko
0664279b-def2-41d4-a5ec-207ce02013a7
Sakakura, Masaaki
3bb15bbd-d590-4cba-ab5a-862dc7acd054
Miura, Kiyotaka
5dbc9159-ace0-4dd9-b18d-36f87ae78c47
Hirao, Kazuyuki
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Qiu, Jiarong
befa87a1-4795-4e67-b74f-81239eee689c
Svirko, Yuri P.
d64a0366-ef29-4a31-878e-54f7536816ac

Kazansky, P.G., Beresna, Martynas, Shimotsuma, Yasuhiko, Sakakura, Masaaki, Miura, Kiyotaka, Hirao, Kazuyuki, Qiu, Jiarong and Svirko, Yuri P. (2009) Recent advances in ultrafast laser micromachining: from optical materials to living cells. Photonic Tools in Biology: Marker-Free Imaging and Optical Manipulation, United Kingdom. 1 pp .

Record type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)

Abstract

Modification of transparent materials with ultrafast lasers has attracted considerable interest due to a wide range of applications including laser surgery, integrated optics, optical data storage, 3D micro- and nanostructuring [1,2]. Three different types of material modifications can be induced with ultrafast laser irradiation in the bulk of a transparent material, silica glass in particular: an isotropic refractive index change (type 1); a form birefringence associated with self-assembled nanogratings and negative refractive index change (type 2) [3,4]; and a void (type 3). In fused silica the transition from type 1 to type 2 and finally to type 3 modification is observed with an increase of fluence. Recently, a remarkable phenomenon in ultrafast laser processing of transparent materials has been reported manifesting itself as a change in material modification by reversing the writing direction [5]. The phenomenon has been interpreted in terms of anisotropic plasma heating by a tilted front of the ultrashort laser pulse. Moreover a change in structural modification has been demonstrated in glass by controlling the direction of pulse front tilt, achieving a calligraphic style of laser writing which is similar in appearance to that inked with the bygone quill pen [6]. It has also been a common belief that in a homogeneous medium, the photosensitivity and corresponding light-induced material modifications do not change on the reversal of light propagation direction. More recently it has observed that in a non-centrosymmetric medium, modification of the material can be different when light propagates in opposite directions (KaYaSo effect) [7]. Non-reciprocity is produced by magnetic field (Faraday effect) and movement of the medium with respect to the direction of light propagation: parallel (Sagnac effect) or perpendicular (KaYaSo effect). Moreover a new phenomenon of ultrafast light blade, representing itself the first evidence of anisotropic sensitivity of isotropic medium to femtosecond laser radiation has been recently discovered [8]. We anticipate that the synergy of advances in ultrafast laser micromachining with state of the art imaging techniques such as digital holographic microscopy will open new opportunities in laser material processing, laser surgery and optical manipulation

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Published date: 7 December 2009
Venue - Dates: Photonic Tools in Biology: Marker-Free Imaging and Optical Manipulation, United Kingdom, 2009-12-07

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Local EPrints ID: 164713
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/164713
PURE UUID: bfea7a01-3a8e-4746-9ed8-c52d9382eb64

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Date deposited: 04 Oct 2010 07:48
Last modified: 18 Jun 2020 16:34

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Contributors

Author: P.G. Kazansky
Author: Yasuhiko Shimotsuma
Author: Masaaki Sakakura
Author: Kiyotaka Miura
Author: Kazuyuki Hirao
Author: Jiarong Qiu
Author: Yuri P. Svirko

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