Froelich, Christopher J., Hanna, William L., Poirier, Guy G., Duriez, Patrick J., D'Amours, Damien, Salvesen, Guy S., Alnemri, Emad S., Earnshaw, William C. and Shah, Girish M.
Granzyme B/perforin-mediated apoptosis of Jurkat cells results in cleavage of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase to the 89-kDa apoptotic fragment and less abundant 64-kDa fragment
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 227, (3), . (doi:10.1006/bbrc.1996.1565). (PMID:8885990).
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Cytotoxic lymphocytes utilize granule associated serine proteases (granzymes) and perforin to induce apoptosis. Although the importance of granzyme B has been established by gene ablation experiments, biochemical events initiated by the granzyme remain enigmatic. We show here that exposure of Jurkat cells to granzyme B and perforin results in cleavage of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase to an apoptotic 89 kDa fragment and to lesser amounts of a 64 kDa fragment. The 64 kDa fragment is produced directly by granzyme B while the 89 kDa fragment is presumably generated by activated ICE/Ced-3 proteases. Establishing the intracellular function of GrB in the apoptotic response, these results indicate that granzyme B enters perforin treated targets activating the ICE/Ced-3 family proteases which then cleave poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase to its apoptotic fragment. Intracellular granzyme B appears to be translocated to the nucleus where the protease directly cleaves poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase.
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