The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Scrape-marking behavior of jaguars (Panthera onca) and pumas (Puma concolor)

Harmsen, Bart J., Foster, Rebecca J., Gutierrez, Said M., Silverio, Y. Marin and Doncaster, C. Patrick (2010) Scrape-marking behavior of jaguars (Panthera onca) and pumas (Puma concolor) Journal of Mammalogy, 91, (5), pp. 1225-1234. (doi:10.1644/09-MAMM-A-416.1).

Record type: Article


Marking behaviors of jaguars (Panthera onca) and pumas (Puma concolor) were investigated by linking sign from transect surveys to species, sex, and individual detected by camera traps along trails in the Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary, Belize. The most commonly encountered big-cat signs were scrape marks. These were produced by cats raking the ground with their feet. Scrapes were associated more strongly with presence of male pumas than with female pumas or jaguars of either sex. Scats found in scrapes were genotyped to species level and indicated that jaguars produced larger scrapes than pumas and that pumas were more likely to scrape with their hind feet than with front feet. Scrapes were spatially clustered along trails, indicating that individuals scrape in response to other scrapes in the same area. High scraping frequencies were not associated with the presence of specific individuals, suggesting that scrape-marking behavior does not signal dominance in this area.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Published date: 2010
Keywords: camera trapping, communication, jaguars, marking, pumas, scats, scrapes, sympatric, territoriality


Local EPrints ID: 166873
ISSN: 0022-2372
PURE UUID: cb38f814-9116-492b-9f83-e1b4b359b1f0
ORCID for C. Patrick Doncaster: ORCID iD

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 10 Nov 2010 10:05
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 12:25

Export record



Author: Bart J. Harmsen
Author: Rebecca J. Foster
Author: Said M. Gutierrez
Author: Y. Marin Silverio

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton:

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.