The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

A Japanese version of the Perceived Stress Scale: cross-cultural translation and equivalence assessment

Mimura, C and Griffiths, P (2008) A Japanese version of the Perceived Stress Scale: cross-cultural translation and equivalence assessment BMC Psychiatry, 8, (85) (doi:10.1186/1471-244X-8-85). (PMID:18826581).

Record type: Article


Background: This paper describes the development of a Japanese version of the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), and examines the equivalence between the original and translated version. The PSS is one of the few instruments to measure a global level of perceived stress, and has been widely used in a range of clinical and research settings. The PSS has already been translated into several languages, but there is no validated Japanese version.

Methods: A forward-backward procedure was implemented. Multiple forward and backward translations were produced, and a panel of reviewers verified conceptual and semantic equivalence between the source and final versions. Non-professional translators who were not brought up in bilingual families were used in order to enhance representativeness of language in the target populations. The PSS was administered to 222 native English speakers and the Japanese version (PSS-J) to 1320 native Japanese speakers.

Results: Factor analysis showed similar factor loadings of the items and satisfactory factorial agreement between the PSS and PSS-J. Cronbach's alpha coefficient was high for both versions and for each factor.

Conclusion: It is concluded that the PSS and PSS-J are substantially equivalent and suited for use in comparative cross-cultural studies.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Published date: 2008


Local EPrints ID: 168041
ISSN: 0893-133X
PURE UUID: 1eea8ea5-2863-4d51-a4e0-35659c0a318e

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 23 Nov 2010 13:23
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 12:23

Export record



Author: C Mimura
Author: P Griffiths

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton:

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.