The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Treatment of acute cough/lower respiratory tract infection by antiobiotic class and associated outcomes: a 13 European country observational study in primary care

Butler, Christopher C., Hood, Kerenza, Kelly, Mark J., Goossens, Herman, Verheij, Theo, Little, Paul, Melbye, Hasse, Torres, Antoni, Molstad, H, Godycki-Cwirko, Maciek, Almirall, Jordi, Blasi, Francesco, Schaberg, Tom, Edwards, Peter, Rautakorpi, Ulla-Maija, Hupkova, Helena, Wood, Joseph, Nuttall, Jacqui and Coenen, Samuel (2010) Treatment of acute cough/lower respiratory tract infection by antiobiotic class and associated outcomes: a 13 European country observational study in primary care Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 65, (11), pp. 2472-2478. (doi:10.1093/jac/dkq336). (PMID:20852271).

Record type: Article


Objectives: Acute cough/lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) is one of the commonest reasons for consulting and antibiotic prescribing. There are theoretical reasons why treatment with particular antibiotic classes may aid recovery more than others, but empirical, pragmatic evidence is lacking. We investigated whether treatment with a particular antibiotic class (amoxicillin) was more strongly associated with symptom score resolution and time to patients reporting recovery than each of eight other antibiotic classes or no antibiotic treatment for acute cough/LRTI.

Methods: Clinicians recorded history, examination findings, symptom severity and antibiotic treatment for 3402 patients in a 13 country prospective observational study of adults presenting in 14 primary care research networks with acute cough/LRTI. 2714 patients completed a symptom score daily for up to 28 days and recorded the day on which they felt recovered. A three-level autoregressive moving average model (1,1) model investigated logged daily symptom scores to analyse symptom resolution. A two-level survival model analysed time to reported recovery. Clinical presentation was controlled for using clinician-recorded symptoms, sputum colour, temperature, age, co-morbidities, smoking status and duration of illness prior to consultation.

Results: Compared with amoxicillin, no antibiotic class (and no antibiotic treatment) was associated with clinically relevant improved symptom resolution (all coefficients in the range ?0.02 to 0.01 and all P values greater than 0.12). No antibiotic class (and no antibiotic treatment) was associated with faster time to recovery than amoxicillin.

Conclusions: Treatment by antibiotic class was not associated with symptom resolution or time to recovery in adults presenting to primary care with acute cough/LRTI.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Published date: 18 September 2010
Keywords: antibiotic resistance, patient outcome, clinical epidemiology, antibiotic choice


Local EPrints ID: 168095
ISSN: 0305-7453
PURE UUID: bbdad222-0ef0-4877-9e25-296dd19b2706

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 24 Nov 2010 10:11
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 12:23

Export record



Author: Christopher C. Butler
Author: Kerenza Hood
Author: Mark J. Kelly
Author: Herman Goossens
Author: Theo Verheij
Author: Paul Little
Author: Hasse Melbye
Author: Antoni Torres
Author: H Molstad
Author: Maciek Godycki-Cwirko
Author: Jordi Almirall
Author: Francesco Blasi
Author: Tom Schaberg
Author: Peter Edwards
Author: Ulla-Maija Rautakorpi
Author: Helena Hupkova
Author: Joseph Wood
Author: Jacqui Nuttall
Author: Samuel Coenen

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton:

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.