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Linear and nonlinear mechanisms of sound radiation by instability waves in subsonic jets

Suponitsky, Victoria, Sandham, Neil D. and Morfey, Christopher L. (2010) Linear and nonlinear mechanisms of sound radiation by instability waves in subsonic jets Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 658, pp. 509-538. (doi:10.1017/S0022112010002375).

Record type: Article


Linear and nonlinear mechanisms of sound generation in subsonic jets are investigated by numerical simulations of the compressible Navier–Stokes equations. The main goal is to demonstrate that low-frequency waves resulting from nonlinear interaction between primary, highly amplified, instability waves can be efficient sound radiators in subsonic jets. The current approach allows linear, weakly nonlinear and highly nonlinear mechanisms to be distinguished. It is demonstrated that low-frequency waves resulting from nonlinear interaction are more efficient in radiating sound when compared to linear instability waves radiating directly at the same frequencies. The results show that low-frequency sound radiated predominantly in the downstream direction and characterized by a broadband spectral peak near St = 0.2 can be observed in the simulations and described in terms of the nonlinear interaction model. It is also shown that coherent low-frequency sound radiated at higher angles to the jet axis (? = 60°–707°) is likely to come from the interaction between two helical modes with azimuthal wavenumbers n = ±1. High-frequency noise in both downstream and side-line directions seems to originate from the breakdown of the jet into smaller structures

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Published date: June 2010
Keywords: aeroacoustics, jet noise, nonlinear instability
Organisations: Aerodynamics & Flight Mechanics


Local EPrints ID: 168473
ISSN: 0022-1120
PURE UUID: b12b377d-821c-452c-8298-81fe8616cc5c

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Date deposited: 30 Nov 2010 10:00
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 12:20

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Author: Victoria Suponitsky
Author: Neil D. Sandham
Author: Christopher L. Morfey

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