Routledge, Clay, Ostafin, Brian, Juhl, Jacob, Sedikides, Constantine, Cathey, Christie and Liao, Jiangqun
Adjusting to death: the effects of mortality salience and self-esteem on psychological well-being, growth motivation, and maladaptive behavior
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 99, (6), . (doi:10.1037/a0021431). (PMID:21114350).
PDF __userfiles.soton.ac.uk_Users_nsc_mydesktop_Routledge et al. 2010.pdf
- Version of Record
Restricted to Repository staff only
This research builds on terror management theory to examine the relationships among self-esteem, death cognition, and psychological adjustment. Self-esteem was measured (Studies 1–2, 4–8) or manipulated (Study 3), and thoughts of death were manipulated (Studies 1–3, 5–8) or measured (Study 4). Subsequently, satisfaction with life (Study 1), subjective vitality (Study 2), meaning in life (Studies 3–5), positive and negative affect (Studies 1, 4, 5), exploration (Study 6), state anxiety (Study 7), and social avoidance (Study 8) were assessed. Death-related cognition (a) decreased satisfaction with life, subjective vitality, meaning in life, and exploration; (b) increased negative affect and state anxiety; and (c) exacerbated social avoidance for individuals with low self-esteem but not for those with high self-esteem. These effects occurred only when death thoughts were outside of focal attention. Parallel effects were found in American (Studies 1–4, 6–8) and Chinese (Study 5) samples.
Actions (login required)