The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

New dates for the Grotte du Renne at Arcy-sur-Cure and their implications for the evolution of symbolic behaviour.

Record type: Article

There is extensive debate concerning the cognitive and behavioral adaptation of Neanderthals, especially in the period when the earliest anatomically modern humans dispersed into Western Europe, around 35,000–40,000 B.P. The site of the Grotte du Renne (at Arcy-sur-Cure) is of great importance because it provides the most persuasive evidence for behavioral complexity among Neanderthals. A range of ornaments and tools usually associated with modern human industries, such as the Aurignacian, were excavated from three of the Châtelperronian levels at the site, along with Neanderthal fossil remains (mainly teeth). This extremely rare occurrence has been taken to suggest that Neanderthals were the creators of these items. Whether Neanderthals independently achieved this level of behavioral complexity and whether this was culturally transmitted or mimicked via incoming modern humans has been contentious. At the heart of this discussion lies an assumption regarding the integrity of the excavated remains. One means of testing this is by radiocarbon dating; however, until recently, our ability to generate both accurate and precise results for this period has been compromised. A series of 31 accelerator mass spectrometry ultrafiltered dates on bones, antlers, artifacts, and teeth from six key archaeological levels shows an unexpected degree of variation. This suggests that some mixing of material may have occurred, which implies a more complex depositional history at the site and makes it difficult to be confident about the association of artifacts with human remains in the Châtelperronian levels.

Full text not available from this repository.

Citation

Higham, T.F.G., Jacobi, R.M., Julien, M., David, F., Wood, Laura, Basell, Rachel, Davies, William and Bronk Ramsey, Christopher Bronk (2010) New dates for the Grotte du Renne at Arcy-sur-Cure and their implications for the evolution of symbolic behaviour. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107, (47), pp. 20147-20148. (doi:10.1073/pnas.1007963107).

More information

Published date: 13 September 2010
Keywords: aurignacian, radiocarbon dating, ultrafiltration, neandertal, mousterian
Organisations: Geography

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 170555
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/170555
ISSN: 0027-8424
PURE UUID: 4a4bbd35-d5d1-4b63-8288-e03396420a8d

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 10 Jan 2011 10:14
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 12:17

Export record

Altmetrics

Contributors

Author: T.F.G. Higham
Author: R.M. Jacobi
Author: M. Julien
Author: F. David
Author: Laura Wood
Author: Rachel Basell
Author: William Davies
Author: Christopher Bronk Bronk Ramsey

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×