The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Single-frequency Nd:YLF master-oscillator power amplifier with 15W output at 1053nm

Single-frequency Nd:YLF master-oscillator power amplifier with 15W output at 1053nm
Single-frequency Nd:YLF master-oscillator power amplifier with 15W output at 1053nm
Power-scaling of diode-pumped single-frequency solid-state lasers has been hindered by strong thermal effects which can degrade beam quality, and often make the selection of a single-axial-mode difficult. A further problem is that changes in cavity length due to temperature fluctuations become more pronounced at high pump powers leading to mode-hopping. The latter problem can be eliminated by employing frequency selective components intracavity and by active stabilisation of the cavity length to an external reference cavity, but at the expense of considerable increase in complexity and cost.
Here we report an efficient diode-end-pumped Nd:YLF master oscillator and power amplifier (MOPA), with >15W of reliable single-frequency output in a beam with M2 < 1.1 at 1.053µm. Our design exploits the weak thermal lensing behaviour on the lower gain o-polarisation to avoid degradation in beam quality, and utilizes a simple passive technique to suppress axial-mode-hopping in the master oscillator. The master-oscillator employed a bow-tie ring cavity with a Faraday rotator and half-wave plates to enforce unidirectional and hence single-frequency operation. The cavity also included a Brewster-angle lithium triborate (LBO) frequency doubling crystal maintained at ~162°C for non-critical phase-matching at 1.053µm. The cavity was designed to efficiently out-couple the fundamental by using a mirror with 10% at 1.053µm, with only a small loss in efficiency due to intracavity second harmonic generation. The nonlinear loss experienced by adjacent (non-lasing) axial modes due to sum-frequency generation with the oscillating mode is approximately twice that experienced by the oscillating mode due to second harmonic generation. The net result is that that mode-hopping is suppressed and the lasing frequency can be tuned continuously (mode-hop-free) over many axial-mode-spacings by simply adjusting the cavity length. The master-oscillator was end-pumped by a beam-shaped diode-bar and produced 5W of single-frequency output at 1.053µm in a beam with M2 < 1.1. By adjustment of the cavity length continuous mode-hop-free tuning of the fundamental by over 8GHz, corresponding to ~14 axial mode-spacings could be achieved. Thus, under free-running operation the laser could be operated single-frequency (mode-hop-free) for very long periods of time without the need of cavity length adjustment.
To increase the power further a dual rod diode-end-pumped Nd:YLF double-pass amplifier scheme was employed. The two Nd:YLF rods were rotated by 90° relative to each other to compensate for astigmatism, and had low Nd concentrations (~0.5%), to minimise energy-transfer-upconversion and its deleterious effects on gain and beam quality. With 45.5W of incident diode power the amplifier had a small signal gain of ~50 and produced 15.5W of output for ~5W input from the master-oscillator in a diffraction-limited beam with M2 < 1.1. The relatively high optical-to-optical efficiency of this MOPA approach and the absence of any degradation in beam quality indicates that further power-scaling via the use of additional amplifiers should be easily achievable.
Kendall, T.M.J.
b883071d-5cac-4ad0-b99d-ac1513ed688f
Clarkson, W.A.
3b060f63-a303-4fa5-ad50-95f166df1ba2
Hardman, P.J.
2b18897a-de16-4a46-9e91-0b27f905a120
Hanna, D.C.
3da5a5b4-71c2-4441-bb67-21f0d28a187d
Kendall, T.M.J.
b883071d-5cac-4ad0-b99d-ac1513ed688f
Clarkson, W.A.
3b060f63-a303-4fa5-ad50-95f166df1ba2
Hardman, P.J.
2b18897a-de16-4a46-9e91-0b27f905a120
Hanna, D.C.
3da5a5b4-71c2-4441-bb67-21f0d28a187d

Kendall, T.M.J., Clarkson, W.A., Hardman, P.J. and Hanna, D.C. (2001) Single-frequency Nd:YLF master-oscillator power amplifier with 15W output at 1053nm. QEP-15. 03 - 06 Sep 2001.

Record type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)

Abstract

Power-scaling of diode-pumped single-frequency solid-state lasers has been hindered by strong thermal effects which can degrade beam quality, and often make the selection of a single-axial-mode difficult. A further problem is that changes in cavity length due to temperature fluctuations become more pronounced at high pump powers leading to mode-hopping. The latter problem can be eliminated by employing frequency selective components intracavity and by active stabilisation of the cavity length to an external reference cavity, but at the expense of considerable increase in complexity and cost.
Here we report an efficient diode-end-pumped Nd:YLF master oscillator and power amplifier (MOPA), with >15W of reliable single-frequency output in a beam with M2 < 1.1 at 1.053µm. Our design exploits the weak thermal lensing behaviour on the lower gain o-polarisation to avoid degradation in beam quality, and utilizes a simple passive technique to suppress axial-mode-hopping in the master oscillator. The master-oscillator employed a bow-tie ring cavity with a Faraday rotator and half-wave plates to enforce unidirectional and hence single-frequency operation. The cavity also included a Brewster-angle lithium triborate (LBO) frequency doubling crystal maintained at ~162°C for non-critical phase-matching at 1.053µm. The cavity was designed to efficiently out-couple the fundamental by using a mirror with 10% at 1.053µm, with only a small loss in efficiency due to intracavity second harmonic generation. The nonlinear loss experienced by adjacent (non-lasing) axial modes due to sum-frequency generation with the oscillating mode is approximately twice that experienced by the oscillating mode due to second harmonic generation. The net result is that that mode-hopping is suppressed and the lasing frequency can be tuned continuously (mode-hop-free) over many axial-mode-spacings by simply adjusting the cavity length. The master-oscillator was end-pumped by a beam-shaped diode-bar and produced 5W of single-frequency output at 1.053µm in a beam with M2 < 1.1. By adjustment of the cavity length continuous mode-hop-free tuning of the fundamental by over 8GHz, corresponding to ~14 axial mode-spacings could be achieved. Thus, under free-running operation the laser could be operated single-frequency (mode-hop-free) for very long periods of time without the need of cavity length adjustment.
To increase the power further a dual rod diode-end-pumped Nd:YLF double-pass amplifier scheme was employed. The two Nd:YLF rods were rotated by 90° relative to each other to compensate for astigmatism, and had low Nd concentrations (~0.5%), to minimise energy-transfer-upconversion and its deleterious effects on gain and beam quality. With 45.5W of incident diode power the amplifier had a small signal gain of ~50 and produced 15.5W of output for ~5W input from the master-oscillator in a diffraction-limited beam with M2 < 1.1. The relatively high optical-to-optical efficiency of this MOPA approach and the absence of any degradation in beam quality indicates that further power-scaling via the use of additional amplifiers should be easily achievable.

PDF
2248.pdf - Other
Download (91kB)

More information

Published date: 2001
Venue - Dates: QEP-15, 2001-09-03 - 2001-09-06

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 17136
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/17136
PURE UUID: 950d8eae-faad-4d72-bfc5-3c9e737c29ae

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 15 Sep 2005
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 16:40

Export record

Contributors

Author: T.M.J. Kendall
Author: W.A. Clarkson
Author: P.J. Hardman
Author: D.C. Hanna

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×